GRB 070125: The First Long-Duration Gamma-ray Burst in a Halo Environment

S. B. Cenko, D. B. Fox, A. Cucchiara, B. E. Penprase, P. A. Price, E. Berger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present the discovery and high signal-to-noise spectroscopic observations of the optical afterglow of the long-duration gamma-ray burst GRB 070125. Unlike all previously observed long-duration afterglows in the redshift range 0.5≲z≲2.0, we find no strong (rest-frame equivalent width W r≳1.0Å) absorption features in the wavelength range 4000-10000 Å. The sole significant feature is a weak doublet that we identify as Mg II λλ 2796 (Wr=0.18±0.02Å), 2803 (Wr=0.08±0.01Å) at z=1.5477±0.0001. The low observed Mg II and inferred H I column densities are typically observed in galactic halos, far away from the bulk of massive star formation. Deep ground-based imaging reveals no host directly underneath the afterglow to a limit of R>25.4mag. Either of the two nearest blue galaxies could host GRB 070125; the large offset (d≥27kpc) would naturally explain the low column densities. To remain consistent with the large local (i.e. parsec scale) circum-burst density inferred from broadband afterglow observations, we speculate GRB 070125 may have occurred far away from the disk of its host in a compact star-forming cluster. Such distant stellar clusters, typically formed by dynamical galaxy interactions, have been observed in the nearby universe, and should be more prevalent at z>1 where galaxy mergers occur more frequently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGamma-Ray Bursts 2007 - Proceedings of the Santa Fe Conference
Pages342-345
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
EventSanta Fe Conference on Gamma-Ray Bursts 2007, GRB 2007 - Santa Fe, NM, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2007Nov 9 2007

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1000
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherSanta Fe Conference on Gamma-Ray Bursts 2007, GRB 2007
CountryUnited States
CitySanta Fe, NM
Period11/5/0711/9/07

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Cenko, S. B., Fox, D. B., Cucchiara, A., Penprase, B. E., Price, P. A., & Berger, E. (2008). GRB 070125: The First Long-Duration Gamma-ray Burst in a Halo Environment. In Gamma-Ray Bursts 2007 - Proceedings of the Santa Fe Conference (pp. 342-345). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1000). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2943479