Green Bacteria: Chlorophyll Biosynthesis, Light-Harvesting, Reaction Centers, and Electron Transport

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Green bacteria are anoxygenic chlorophototrophic bacteria that belong to three phyla in the domain Bacteria: Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, and Acidobacteria. Green bacteria synthesize millions of bacteriochlorophylls c, d, or e, which are used to assemble chlorosomes, Nature's most powerful light-harvesting antenna complexes. This article summarizes recent progress in understanding the biosynthesis and structure of the bacteriochlorophylls found in chlorosomes, as well as structural and functional aspects of the type-1 and type-2 photochemical reaction centers found in green bacteria. Progress in understanding the electron transport chains of green bacteria is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biological Chemistry
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780123786319
ISBN (Print)9780123786302
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2013


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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