Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff

Shirley E. Clark, Robert Pitt, Richard Field

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infiltration of urban stormwater runoff is becoming more common in many areas of the United States and throughout the world. For infiltration to be successful as a stormwater management strategy, however, it is imperative that suitable sites be identified and their lifespan and maintenance requirements be predicted. Infiltrating in unsuitable areas can result in groundwater contamination and associated impairment of beneficial uses. This paper reviews several categories of urban stormwater pollutants and their groundwater contamination potential. Case studies, both from the field and the laboratory, then are presented to summarize information regarding the potential factors affecting pollutant transport through the vadose zone. Finally, two levels of prediction models to assess the susceptibility of groundwater contamination from urban stormwater infiltration are presented. However, the current use of these models is limited by the lack of supporting data, especially the lack of fundamental research into the processes controlling stormwater treatment in the vadose zone. Preliminary methods to address these deficiencies are presented, but, similar to the models, these are screening tools only. Until these deficiencies are addressed (for example, as outlined at the end of the chapter), the models should be seen as providing guidance and as preliminary screening tools, not as providing absolute answers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEffects of Urbanization on Groundwater
Subtitle of host publicationAn Engineering Case-Based Approach for Sustainable Development
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages119-164
Number of pages46
ISBN (Electronic)9780784473214
ISBN (Print)9780784410783
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

subversion
Runoff
stormwater
Infiltration
environmental pollution
Groundwater
Contamination
infiltration
runoff
groundwater
pollutant
Screening
vadose zone
lack
life-span
pollutant transport
contamination
Ground Water
management
prediction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Clark, S. E., Pitt, R., & Field, R. (2010). Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff. In Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-Based Approach for Sustainable Development (pp. 119-164). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784410783.ch06
Clark, Shirley E. ; Pitt, Robert ; Field, Richard. / Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff. Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-Based Approach for Sustainable Development. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2010. pp. 119-164
@inbook{543cbda1039b4e4f81cfe4e79026e2a9,
title = "Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff",
abstract = "Infiltration of urban stormwater runoff is becoming more common in many areas of the United States and throughout the world. For infiltration to be successful as a stormwater management strategy, however, it is imperative that suitable sites be identified and their lifespan and maintenance requirements be predicted. Infiltrating in unsuitable areas can result in groundwater contamination and associated impairment of beneficial uses. This paper reviews several categories of urban stormwater pollutants and their groundwater contamination potential. Case studies, both from the field and the laboratory, then are presented to summarize information regarding the potential factors affecting pollutant transport through the vadose zone. Finally, two levels of prediction models to assess the susceptibility of groundwater contamination from urban stormwater infiltration are presented. However, the current use of these models is limited by the lack of supporting data, especially the lack of fundamental research into the processes controlling stormwater treatment in the vadose zone. Preliminary methods to address these deficiencies are presented, but, similar to the models, these are screening tools only. Until these deficiencies are addressed (for example, as outlined at the end of the chapter), the models should be seen as providing guidance and as preliminary screening tools, not as providing absolute answers.",
author = "Clark, {Shirley E.} and Robert Pitt and Richard Field",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1061/9780784410783.ch06",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780784410783",
pages = "119--164",
booktitle = "Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
address = "United States",

}

Clark, SE, Pitt, R & Field, R 2010, Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff. in Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-Based Approach for Sustainable Development. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 119-164. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784410783.ch06

Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff. / Clark, Shirley E.; Pitt, Robert; Field, Richard.

Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-Based Approach for Sustainable Development. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2010. p. 119-164.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff

AU - Clark, Shirley E.

AU - Pitt, Robert

AU - Field, Richard

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Infiltration of urban stormwater runoff is becoming more common in many areas of the United States and throughout the world. For infiltration to be successful as a stormwater management strategy, however, it is imperative that suitable sites be identified and their lifespan and maintenance requirements be predicted. Infiltrating in unsuitable areas can result in groundwater contamination and associated impairment of beneficial uses. This paper reviews several categories of urban stormwater pollutants and their groundwater contamination potential. Case studies, both from the field and the laboratory, then are presented to summarize information regarding the potential factors affecting pollutant transport through the vadose zone. Finally, two levels of prediction models to assess the susceptibility of groundwater contamination from urban stormwater infiltration are presented. However, the current use of these models is limited by the lack of supporting data, especially the lack of fundamental research into the processes controlling stormwater treatment in the vadose zone. Preliminary methods to address these deficiencies are presented, but, similar to the models, these are screening tools only. Until these deficiencies are addressed (for example, as outlined at the end of the chapter), the models should be seen as providing guidance and as preliminary screening tools, not as providing absolute answers.

AB - Infiltration of urban stormwater runoff is becoming more common in many areas of the United States and throughout the world. For infiltration to be successful as a stormwater management strategy, however, it is imperative that suitable sites be identified and their lifespan and maintenance requirements be predicted. Infiltrating in unsuitable areas can result in groundwater contamination and associated impairment of beneficial uses. This paper reviews several categories of urban stormwater pollutants and their groundwater contamination potential. Case studies, both from the field and the laboratory, then are presented to summarize information regarding the potential factors affecting pollutant transport through the vadose zone. Finally, two levels of prediction models to assess the susceptibility of groundwater contamination from urban stormwater infiltration are presented. However, the current use of these models is limited by the lack of supporting data, especially the lack of fundamental research into the processes controlling stormwater treatment in the vadose zone. Preliminary methods to address these deficiencies are presented, but, similar to the models, these are screening tools only. Until these deficiencies are addressed (for example, as outlined at the end of the chapter), the models should be seen as providing guidance and as preliminary screening tools, not as providing absolute answers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018269310&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018269310&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/9780784410783.ch06

DO - 10.1061/9780784410783.ch06

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85018269310

SN - 9780784410783

SP - 119

EP - 164

BT - Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater

PB - American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

ER -

Clark SE, Pitt R, Field R. Groundwater contamination potential from infiltration of urban stormwater runoff. In Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-Based Approach for Sustainable Development. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2010. p. 119-164 https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784410783.ch06