Growth and intestinal morphology of male turkeys as influenced by dietary supplementation of amylase and xylanase.

C. W. Ritz, R. M. Hulet, B. B. Self, D. M. Denbow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three diets, a control and two diets supplemented with an enzyme cocktail premix containing either amylase or xylanase, were each fed to 100 male poults (10 replicates of 10 poults per pen) from 0 to 5 wk of age to observe the effects upon body weight gain, feed intake, and feed efficiency. The amylase-supplemented diet significantly increased feed efficiency through the first 2 wk and significantly increased body weight gain and feed intake through the first 3 wk. Xylanase supplementation did not improve growth or feed efficiency over the control. Mean villus length within the jejunum and ileum was significantly increased at 2 and 3 wk of age by dietary supplementation of amylase when compared with the control and xylanase diets. These findings suggest that the increased growth associated with the amylase diet during 0 to 3 wk can, in part, be explained by the increase in absorptive surface area, allowing for increased digestion of available nutrients coupled with increased enzyme activity for carbohydrate degradation from the supplemental enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1329-1334
Number of pages6
JournalPoultry science
Volume74
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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