The 18q- syndrome is one of the commonest deletion syndromes. Clinical characteristics are variable but may include: hypotonia, tapered digits, 'carp-like' mouth, mental retardation, and hearing impairment. Growth failure (GF; both weight and height <3%) was reported in 80% of affected individuals. We evaluated growth hormone (GH) sufficiency in 5 18q- syndrome patients, 3 of whom had growth failure (<3% weight and height); the remaining 2 had normal growth parameters. Laboratory evaluation of growth included measurement of IGF-1, IGFBP-3, bone ages and GH response to pituitary provocative agents. Three patients failed to produced adequate GH following stimulation testing. Of 3 patients with inadequate GH production, 1 had normal growth (above 3%). Only 1 of 5 patients had normal GH production and normal growth parameters. Our findings to date suggest that GH deficiency is common in individuals with the 18q- syndrome. The pathogenesis of this finding is unknown. We postulate that a gene(s) on 18q is involved in GH production.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Medical Genetics|
|State||Published - Mar 3 1997|
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