Growth of nanoscale BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices by molecular-beam epitaxy

A. Soukiassian, W. Tian, V. Vaithyanathan, J. H. Haeni, L. Q. Chen, X. X. Xi, D. G. Schlom, D. A. Tenne, H. P. Sun, X. Q. Pan, K. J. Choi, C. B. Eom, Y. L. Li, Q. X. Jia, C. Constantin, R. M. Feenstra, M. Bernhagen, P. Reiche, R. Uecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Commensurate BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices were grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy on four different substrates: TiO2-terminated (001) SrTiO3, (101) DyScO3, (101) GdScO3, and (101) SmScO3. With the aid of reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), precise single-monolayer doses of BaO, SrO, and TiO2 were deposited sequentially to create commensurate BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices with a variety of periodicities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements exhibit clear superlattice peaks at the expected positions. The rocking curve full width half-maximum of the soperlattices was as narrow as 7 arc s (0.002°). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals nearly atomically abrupt interfaces. Temperature-dependent ultraviolet Raman and XRD were used to reveal the paraelectric-to-ferroeleotric transition temperature (TC). Our results demonstrate the importance of finite size and strain effects on the TC of BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices. In addition to probing finite size and strain effects, these heterostructures may be relevant: for novel phooon devices, including mirrors, filters, and cavities for coherent phonon generation and control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1417-1432
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

Fingerprint

Superlattices
Molecular beam epitaxy
superlattices
molecular beam epitaxy
X ray diffraction
Reflection high energy electron diffraction
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
diffraction
high energy electrons
Superconducting transition temperature
Heterojunctions
periodic variations
Monolayers
x rays
electron diffraction
arcs
transition temperature
mirrors
filters
dosage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Soukiassian, A., Tian, W., Vaithyanathan, V., Haeni, J. H., Chen, L. Q., Xi, X. X., ... Uecker, R. (2008). Growth of nanoscale BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices by molecular-beam epitaxy. Journal of Materials Research, 23(5), 1417-1432. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2008.0181
Soukiassian, A. ; Tian, W. ; Vaithyanathan, V. ; Haeni, J. H. ; Chen, L. Q. ; Xi, X. X. ; Schlom, D. G. ; Tenne, D. A. ; Sun, H. P. ; Pan, X. Q. ; Choi, K. J. ; Eom, C. B. ; Li, Y. L. ; Jia, Q. X. ; Constantin, C. ; Feenstra, R. M. ; Bernhagen, M. ; Reiche, P. ; Uecker, R. / Growth of nanoscale BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices by molecular-beam epitaxy. In: Journal of Materials Research. 2008 ; Vol. 23, No. 5. pp. 1417-1432.
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abstract = "Commensurate BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices were grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy on four different substrates: TiO2-terminated (001) SrTiO3, (101) DyScO3, (101) GdScO3, and (101) SmScO3. With the aid of reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), precise single-monolayer doses of BaO, SrO, and TiO2 were deposited sequentially to create commensurate BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices with a variety of periodicities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements exhibit clear superlattice peaks at the expected positions. The rocking curve full width half-maximum of the soperlattices was as narrow as 7 arc s (0.002°). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals nearly atomically abrupt interfaces. Temperature-dependent ultraviolet Raman and XRD were used to reveal the paraelectric-to-ferroeleotric transition temperature (TC). Our results demonstrate the importance of finite size and strain effects on the TC of BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices. In addition to probing finite size and strain effects, these heterostructures may be relevant: for novel phooon devices, including mirrors, filters, and cavities for coherent phonon generation and control.",
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Soukiassian, A, Tian, W, Vaithyanathan, V, Haeni, JH, Chen, LQ, Xi, XX, Schlom, DG, Tenne, DA, Sun, HP, Pan, XQ, Choi, KJ, Eom, CB, Li, YL, Jia, QX, Constantin, C, Feenstra, RM, Bernhagen, M, Reiche, P & Uecker, R 2008, 'Growth of nanoscale BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices by molecular-beam epitaxy', Journal of Materials Research, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1417-1432. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2008.0181

Growth of nanoscale BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices by molecular-beam epitaxy. / Soukiassian, A.; Tian, W.; Vaithyanathan, V.; Haeni, J. H.; Chen, L. Q.; Xi, X. X.; Schlom, D. G.; Tenne, D. A.; Sun, H. P.; Pan, X. Q.; Choi, K. J.; Eom, C. B.; Li, Y. L.; Jia, Q. X.; Constantin, C.; Feenstra, R. M.; Bernhagen, M.; Reiche, P.; Uecker, R.

In: Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 23, No. 5, 01.05.2008, p. 1417-1432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Growth of nanoscale BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices by molecular-beam epitaxy

AU - Soukiassian, A.

AU - Tian, W.

AU - Vaithyanathan, V.

AU - Haeni, J. H.

AU - Chen, L. Q.

AU - Xi, X. X.

AU - Schlom, D. G.

AU - Tenne, D. A.

AU - Sun, H. P.

AU - Pan, X. Q.

AU - Choi, K. J.

AU - Eom, C. B.

AU - Li, Y. L.

AU - Jia, Q. X.

AU - Constantin, C.

AU - Feenstra, R. M.

AU - Bernhagen, M.

AU - Reiche, P.

AU - Uecker, R.

PY - 2008/5/1

Y1 - 2008/5/1

N2 - Commensurate BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices were grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy on four different substrates: TiO2-terminated (001) SrTiO3, (101) DyScO3, (101) GdScO3, and (101) SmScO3. With the aid of reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), precise single-monolayer doses of BaO, SrO, and TiO2 were deposited sequentially to create commensurate BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices with a variety of periodicities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements exhibit clear superlattice peaks at the expected positions. The rocking curve full width half-maximum of the soperlattices was as narrow as 7 arc s (0.002°). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals nearly atomically abrupt interfaces. Temperature-dependent ultraviolet Raman and XRD were used to reveal the paraelectric-to-ferroeleotric transition temperature (TC). Our results demonstrate the importance of finite size and strain effects on the TC of BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices. In addition to probing finite size and strain effects, these heterostructures may be relevant: for novel phooon devices, including mirrors, filters, and cavities for coherent phonon generation and control.

AB - Commensurate BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices were grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy on four different substrates: TiO2-terminated (001) SrTiO3, (101) DyScO3, (101) GdScO3, and (101) SmScO3. With the aid of reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), precise single-monolayer doses of BaO, SrO, and TiO2 were deposited sequentially to create commensurate BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices with a variety of periodicities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements exhibit clear superlattice peaks at the expected positions. The rocking curve full width half-maximum of the soperlattices was as narrow as 7 arc s (0.002°). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals nearly atomically abrupt interfaces. Temperature-dependent ultraviolet Raman and XRD were used to reveal the paraelectric-to-ferroeleotric transition temperature (TC). Our results demonstrate the importance of finite size and strain effects on the TC of BaTiO3/ SrTiO3 superlattices. In addition to probing finite size and strain effects, these heterostructures may be relevant: for novel phooon devices, including mirrors, filters, and cavities for coherent phonon generation and control.

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