Guidelines and caveats for manipulating expectancies in experiments involving human participants

Dev Minotra, Murat Dikmen, Catherine M. Burns, Michael D. McNeese

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a number of domains involving decision making under high time pressure, the appearance of an unexpected critical event can startle operators causing errors that may potentially lead to a chain reaction of unfavorable events. Simulating such situations in a laboratory requires overcoming several challenges tied to human responses to unexpected and rare critical events. We discuss cases of experimental studies that have incorporated simulations, critical events, interruptions, predictive displays and ecological displays involving naïve and expert participants. We spell out guidelines and caveats pertaining to training, expertise, temporal variables, critical event frequencies, scenario design, mediator and moderator variables to name a few. The guidelines and caveats may inform researchers in the design of generalizable and reproducible experiments and in the analysis of data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2015
PublisherHuman Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.
Pages1778-1782
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780945289470
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Event59th International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Oct 26 2015Oct 30 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Volume2015-January
ISSN (Print)1071-1813

Other

Other59th International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period10/26/1510/30/15

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

Minotra, D., Dikmen, M., Burns, C. M., & McNeese, M. D. (2015). Guidelines and caveats for manipulating expectancies in experiments involving human participants. In 2015 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2015 (pp. 1778-1782). (Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society; Vol. 2015-January). Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931215591384