We prove several new versions of the Hadamard-Perron theorem, which relates infinitesimal dynamics to local dynamics for a sequence of local diffeomorphisms, and in particular establishes the existence of local stable and unstable manifolds. Our results imply the classical Hadamard-Perron theorem in both its uniform and non-uniform versions, but also apply much more generally. We introduce a notion of 'effective hyperbolicity' and show that if the rate of effective hyperbolicity is asymptotically positive, then the local manifolds are well behaved with positive asymptotic frequency. By applying effective hyperbolicity to finite-orbit segments, we prove a closing lemma whose conditions can be verified with a finite amount of information.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Mathematics