Harsh parenting and fearfulness in toddlerhood interact to predict amplitudes of preschool error-related negativity

Rebecca J. Brooker, Kristin A. Buss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Temperamentally fearful children are at increased risk for the development of anxiety problems relative to less-fearful children. This risk is even greater when early environments include high levels of harsh parenting behaviors. However, the mechanisms by which harsh parenting may impact fearful children's risk for anxiety problems are largely unknown. Recent neuroscience work has suggested that punishment is associated with exaggerated error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential linked to performance monitoring, even after the threat of punishment is removed. In the current study, we examined the possibility that harsh parenting interacts with fearfulness, impacting anxiety risk via neural processes of performance monitoring. We found that greater fearfulness and harsher parenting at 2 years of age predicted greater fearfulness and greater ERN amplitudes at age 4. Supporting the role of cognitive processes in this association, greater fearfulness and harsher parenting also predicted less efficient neural processing during preschool. This study provides initial evidence that performance monitoring may be a candidate process by which early parenting interacts with fearfulness to predict risk for anxiety problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-159
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Fingerprint

Parenting
Anxiety
Punishment
Neurosciences
Evoked Potentials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{a57c3ee72bfd403a9c5a58b204d18b27,
title = "Harsh parenting and fearfulness in toddlerhood interact to predict amplitudes of preschool error-related negativity",
abstract = "Temperamentally fearful children are at increased risk for the development of anxiety problems relative to less-fearful children. This risk is even greater when early environments include high levels of harsh parenting behaviors. However, the mechanisms by which harsh parenting may impact fearful children's risk for anxiety problems are largely unknown. Recent neuroscience work has suggested that punishment is associated with exaggerated error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential linked to performance monitoring, even after the threat of punishment is removed. In the current study, we examined the possibility that harsh parenting interacts with fearfulness, impacting anxiety risk via neural processes of performance monitoring. We found that greater fearfulness and harsher parenting at 2 years of age predicted greater fearfulness and greater ERN amplitudes at age 4. Supporting the role of cognitive processes in this association, greater fearfulness and harsher parenting also predicted less efficient neural processing during preschool. This study provides initial evidence that performance monitoring may be a candidate process by which early parenting interacts with fearfulness to predict risk for anxiety problems.",
author = "Brooker, {Rebecca J.} and Buss, {Kristin A.}",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.dcn.2014.03.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "148--159",
journal = "Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience",
issn = "1878-9293",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Harsh parenting and fearfulness in toddlerhood interact to predict amplitudes of preschool error-related negativity

AU - Brooker, Rebecca J.

AU - Buss, Kristin A.

PY - 2014/7

Y1 - 2014/7

N2 - Temperamentally fearful children are at increased risk for the development of anxiety problems relative to less-fearful children. This risk is even greater when early environments include high levels of harsh parenting behaviors. However, the mechanisms by which harsh parenting may impact fearful children's risk for anxiety problems are largely unknown. Recent neuroscience work has suggested that punishment is associated with exaggerated error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential linked to performance monitoring, even after the threat of punishment is removed. In the current study, we examined the possibility that harsh parenting interacts with fearfulness, impacting anxiety risk via neural processes of performance monitoring. We found that greater fearfulness and harsher parenting at 2 years of age predicted greater fearfulness and greater ERN amplitudes at age 4. Supporting the role of cognitive processes in this association, greater fearfulness and harsher parenting also predicted less efficient neural processing during preschool. This study provides initial evidence that performance monitoring may be a candidate process by which early parenting interacts with fearfulness to predict risk for anxiety problems.

AB - Temperamentally fearful children are at increased risk for the development of anxiety problems relative to less-fearful children. This risk is even greater when early environments include high levels of harsh parenting behaviors. However, the mechanisms by which harsh parenting may impact fearful children's risk for anxiety problems are largely unknown. Recent neuroscience work has suggested that punishment is associated with exaggerated error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential linked to performance monitoring, even after the threat of punishment is removed. In the current study, we examined the possibility that harsh parenting interacts with fearfulness, impacting anxiety risk via neural processes of performance monitoring. We found that greater fearfulness and harsher parenting at 2 years of age predicted greater fearfulness and greater ERN amplitudes at age 4. Supporting the role of cognitive processes in this association, greater fearfulness and harsher parenting also predicted less efficient neural processing during preschool. This study provides initial evidence that performance monitoring may be a candidate process by which early parenting interacts with fearfulness to predict risk for anxiety problems.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898453164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84898453164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dcn.2014.03.001

DO - 10.1016/j.dcn.2014.03.001

M3 - Article

C2 - 24721466

AN - SCOPUS:84898453164

VL - 9

SP - 148

EP - 159

JO - Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

JF - Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

SN - 1878-9293

ER -