Has diversity increased in orthopaedic residency programs since 1995? General

Eldra W. Daniels, Keisha French, Laurie A. Murphy, Richard E. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diversity among health professionals is believed to be an important step toward improving patient communication and addressing health disparities. Orthopaedic surgery traditionally has been overly represented by Caucasian males, and it remains one of the least racially and gender-diversified surgical subspecialties. As the US population becomes increasingly diverse, a concomitant increase in ethnic diversity and gender diversity is needed to ensure that all Americans receive high-quality, culturally competent health care. Questions/purposes: We asked whether (1) representation of female orthopaedic residents and clinical faculty and (2) representation of ethnic minority orthopaedic residents, clinical faculty, and basic science faculty increased during the past 15 years since our original study. Methods: A questionnaire, created on SurveyMonkey ® , was distributed by email to the coordinators of all 152 orthopaedic residency training programs in the United States. Results: Eighty (53%) responses were received. The percentage of female orthopaedic surgery residents and female clinical faculty has nearly doubled since 1995. The percentages of African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Hispanic orthopaedic residents, and of clinical faculty have increased. Orthopaedic basic science research faculty is 83% male and is comprised primarily of Caucasians (62%) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (24%). Conclusions: Despite the increase in diversity in the orthopaedic workforce during the past 15 years, ethnic and gender disparities persist among orthopaedic residency programs regarding residents, clinical faculty, and basic research faculty. To increase diversity in orthopaedic residency programs, an emphasis on recruiting ethnic and gender minority candidates needs to become a priority in the orthopaedic academic community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2319-2324
Number of pages6
JournalClinical orthopaedics and related research
Volume470
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Internship and Residency
Orthopedics
Health Communication
Hispanic Americans
Research
African Americans
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Daniels, Eldra W. ; French, Keisha ; Murphy, Laurie A. ; Grant, Richard E. / Has diversity increased in orthopaedic residency programs since 1995? General. In: Clinical orthopaedics and related research. 2012 ; Vol. 470, No. 8. pp. 2319-2324.
@article{7371ff3575684d5e99050daf50d1d69f,
title = "Has diversity increased in orthopaedic residency programs since 1995? General",
abstract = "Background: Diversity among health professionals is believed to be an important step toward improving patient communication and addressing health disparities. Orthopaedic surgery traditionally has been overly represented by Caucasian males, and it remains one of the least racially and gender-diversified surgical subspecialties. As the US population becomes increasingly diverse, a concomitant increase in ethnic diversity and gender diversity is needed to ensure that all Americans receive high-quality, culturally competent health care. Questions/purposes: We asked whether (1) representation of female orthopaedic residents and clinical faculty and (2) representation of ethnic minority orthopaedic residents, clinical faculty, and basic science faculty increased during the past 15 years since our original study. Methods: A questionnaire, created on SurveyMonkey {\circledR} , was distributed by email to the coordinators of all 152 orthopaedic residency training programs in the United States. Results: Eighty (53{\%}) responses were received. The percentage of female orthopaedic surgery residents and female clinical faculty has nearly doubled since 1995. The percentages of African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Hispanic orthopaedic residents, and of clinical faculty have increased. Orthopaedic basic science research faculty is 83{\%} male and is comprised primarily of Caucasians (62{\%}) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (24{\%}). Conclusions: Despite the increase in diversity in the orthopaedic workforce during the past 15 years, ethnic and gender disparities persist among orthopaedic residency programs regarding residents, clinical faculty, and basic research faculty. To increase diversity in orthopaedic residency programs, an emphasis on recruiting ethnic and gender minority candidates needs to become a priority in the orthopaedic academic community.",
author = "Daniels, {Eldra W.} and Keisha French and Murphy, {Laurie A.} and Grant, {Richard E.}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11999-012-2259-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "470",
pages = "2319--2324",
journal = "Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research",
issn = "0009-921X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "8",

}

Has diversity increased in orthopaedic residency programs since 1995? General. / Daniels, Eldra W.; French, Keisha; Murphy, Laurie A.; Grant, Richard E.

In: Clinical orthopaedics and related research, Vol. 470, No. 8, 01.01.2012, p. 2319-2324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Has diversity increased in orthopaedic residency programs since 1995? General

AU - Daniels, Eldra W.

AU - French, Keisha

AU - Murphy, Laurie A.

AU - Grant, Richard E.

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Background: Diversity among health professionals is believed to be an important step toward improving patient communication and addressing health disparities. Orthopaedic surgery traditionally has been overly represented by Caucasian males, and it remains one of the least racially and gender-diversified surgical subspecialties. As the US population becomes increasingly diverse, a concomitant increase in ethnic diversity and gender diversity is needed to ensure that all Americans receive high-quality, culturally competent health care. Questions/purposes: We asked whether (1) representation of female orthopaedic residents and clinical faculty and (2) representation of ethnic minority orthopaedic residents, clinical faculty, and basic science faculty increased during the past 15 years since our original study. Methods: A questionnaire, created on SurveyMonkey ® , was distributed by email to the coordinators of all 152 orthopaedic residency training programs in the United States. Results: Eighty (53%) responses were received. The percentage of female orthopaedic surgery residents and female clinical faculty has nearly doubled since 1995. The percentages of African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Hispanic orthopaedic residents, and of clinical faculty have increased. Orthopaedic basic science research faculty is 83% male and is comprised primarily of Caucasians (62%) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (24%). Conclusions: Despite the increase in diversity in the orthopaedic workforce during the past 15 years, ethnic and gender disparities persist among orthopaedic residency programs regarding residents, clinical faculty, and basic research faculty. To increase diversity in orthopaedic residency programs, an emphasis on recruiting ethnic and gender minority candidates needs to become a priority in the orthopaedic academic community.

AB - Background: Diversity among health professionals is believed to be an important step toward improving patient communication and addressing health disparities. Orthopaedic surgery traditionally has been overly represented by Caucasian males, and it remains one of the least racially and gender-diversified surgical subspecialties. As the US population becomes increasingly diverse, a concomitant increase in ethnic diversity and gender diversity is needed to ensure that all Americans receive high-quality, culturally competent health care. Questions/purposes: We asked whether (1) representation of female orthopaedic residents and clinical faculty and (2) representation of ethnic minority orthopaedic residents, clinical faculty, and basic science faculty increased during the past 15 years since our original study. Methods: A questionnaire, created on SurveyMonkey ® , was distributed by email to the coordinators of all 152 orthopaedic residency training programs in the United States. Results: Eighty (53%) responses were received. The percentage of female orthopaedic surgery residents and female clinical faculty has nearly doubled since 1995. The percentages of African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Hispanic orthopaedic residents, and of clinical faculty have increased. Orthopaedic basic science research faculty is 83% male and is comprised primarily of Caucasians (62%) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (24%). Conclusions: Despite the increase in diversity in the orthopaedic workforce during the past 15 years, ethnic and gender disparities persist among orthopaedic residency programs regarding residents, clinical faculty, and basic research faculty. To increase diversity in orthopaedic residency programs, an emphasis on recruiting ethnic and gender minority candidates needs to become a priority in the orthopaedic academic community.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866448352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866448352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11999-012-2259-x

DO - 10.1007/s11999-012-2259-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 22286669

AN - SCOPUS:84866448352

VL - 470

SP - 2319

EP - 2324

JO - Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

JF - Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

SN - 0009-921X

IS - 8

ER -