HD 181068: A red giant in a triply eclipsing compact hierarchical triple system

A. Derekas, L. L. Kiss, T. Borkovits, D. Huber, H. Lehmann, J. Southworth, T. R. Bedding, D. Balam, M. Hartmann, M. Hrudkova, M. J. Ireland, J. Kovács, Gy Mezö, A. Moór, E. Niemczura, G. E. Sarty, Gy M. Szabó, R. Szabó, J. H. Telting, A. TkachenkoK. Uytterhoeven, J. M. Benkö, S. T. Bryson, V. Maestro, A. E. Simon, D. Stello, G. Schaefer, C. Aerts, T. A. Ten Brummelaar, P. De Cat, H. A. McAlister, C. MacEroni, A. Mérand, M. Still, J. Sturmann, L. Sturmann, N. Turner, P. G. Tuthill, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, R. L. Gilliland, H. Kjeldsen, E. V. Quintana, P. Tenenbaum, J. D. Twicken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hierarchical triple systems comprise a close binary and a more distant component. They are important for testing theories of star formation and of stellar evolution in the presence of nearby companions. We obtained 218 days of Kepler photometry of HD 181068 (magnitude of 7.1), supplemented by ground-based spectroscopy and interferometry, which show it to be a hierarchical triple with two types of mutual eclipses. The primary is a red giant that is in a 45-day orbit with a pair of red dwarfs in a close 0.9-day orbit. The red giant shows evidence for tidally induced oscillations that are driven by the orbital motion of the close pair. HD 181068 is an ideal target for studies of dynamical evolution and testing tidal friction theories in hierarchical triple systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-218
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume332
Issue number6026
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 8 2011

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Orbit
Interferometry
Photometry
Friction
Spectrum Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Derekas, A., Kiss, L. L., Borkovits, T., Huber, D., Lehmann, H., Southworth, J., ... Twicken, J. D. (2011). HD 181068: A red giant in a triply eclipsing compact hierarchical triple system. Science, 332(6026), 216-218. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201762
Derekas, A. ; Kiss, L. L. ; Borkovits, T. ; Huber, D. ; Lehmann, H. ; Southworth, J. ; Bedding, T. R. ; Balam, D. ; Hartmann, M. ; Hrudkova, M. ; Ireland, M. J. ; Kovács, J. ; Mezö, Gy ; Moór, A. ; Niemczura, E. ; Sarty, G. E. ; Szabó, Gy M. ; Szabó, R. ; Telting, J. H. ; Tkachenko, A. ; Uytterhoeven, K. ; Benkö, J. M. ; Bryson, S. T. ; Maestro, V. ; Simon, A. E. ; Stello, D. ; Schaefer, G. ; Aerts, C. ; Ten Brummelaar, T. A. ; De Cat, P. ; McAlister, H. A. ; MacEroni, C. ; Mérand, A. ; Still, M. ; Sturmann, J. ; Sturmann, L. ; Turner, N. ; Tuthill, P. G. ; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J. ; Gilliland, R. L. ; Kjeldsen, H. ; Quintana, E. V. ; Tenenbaum, P. ; Twicken, J. D. / HD 181068 : A red giant in a triply eclipsing compact hierarchical triple system. In: Science. 2011 ; Vol. 332, No. 6026. pp. 216-218.
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abstract = "Hierarchical triple systems comprise a close binary and a more distant component. They are important for testing theories of star formation and of stellar evolution in the presence of nearby companions. We obtained 218 days of Kepler photometry of HD 181068 (magnitude of 7.1), supplemented by ground-based spectroscopy and interferometry, which show it to be a hierarchical triple with two types of mutual eclipses. The primary is a red giant that is in a 45-day orbit with a pair of red dwarfs in a close 0.9-day orbit. The red giant shows evidence for tidally induced oscillations that are driven by the orbital motion of the close pair. HD 181068 is an ideal target for studies of dynamical evolution and testing tidal friction theories in hierarchical triple systems.",
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Derekas, A, Kiss, LL, Borkovits, T, Huber, D, Lehmann, H, Southworth, J, Bedding, TR, Balam, D, Hartmann, M, Hrudkova, M, Ireland, MJ, Kovács, J, Mezö, G, Moór, A, Niemczura, E, Sarty, GE, Szabó, GM, Szabó, R, Telting, JH, Tkachenko, A, Uytterhoeven, K, Benkö, JM, Bryson, ST, Maestro, V, Simon, AE, Stello, D, Schaefer, G, Aerts, C, Ten Brummelaar, TA, De Cat, P, McAlister, HA, MacEroni, C, Mérand, A, Still, M, Sturmann, J, Sturmann, L, Turner, N, Tuthill, PG, Christensen-Dalsgaard, J, Gilliland, RL, Kjeldsen, H, Quintana, EV, Tenenbaum, P & Twicken, JD 2011, 'HD 181068: A red giant in a triply eclipsing compact hierarchical triple system', Science, vol. 332, no. 6026, pp. 216-218. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201762

HD 181068 : A red giant in a triply eclipsing compact hierarchical triple system. / Derekas, A.; Kiss, L. L.; Borkovits, T.; Huber, D.; Lehmann, H.; Southworth, J.; Bedding, T. R.; Balam, D.; Hartmann, M.; Hrudkova, M.; Ireland, M. J.; Kovács, J.; Mezö, Gy; Moór, A.; Niemczura, E.; Sarty, G. E.; Szabó, Gy M.; Szabó, R.; Telting, J. H.; Tkachenko, A.; Uytterhoeven, K.; Benkö, J. M.; Bryson, S. T.; Maestro, V.; Simon, A. E.; Stello, D.; Schaefer, G.; Aerts, C.; Ten Brummelaar, T. A.; De Cat, P.; McAlister, H. A.; MacEroni, C.; Mérand, A.; Still, M.; Sturmann, J.; Sturmann, L.; Turner, N.; Tuthill, P. G.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Gilliland, R. L.; Kjeldsen, H.; Quintana, E. V.; Tenenbaum, P.; Twicken, J. D.

In: Science, Vol. 332, No. 6026, 08.04.2011, p. 216-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - HD 181068

T2 - A red giant in a triply eclipsing compact hierarchical triple system

AU - Derekas, A.

AU - Kiss, L. L.

AU - Borkovits, T.

AU - Huber, D.

AU - Lehmann, H.

AU - Southworth, J.

AU - Bedding, T. R.

AU - Balam, D.

AU - Hartmann, M.

AU - Hrudkova, M.

AU - Ireland, M. J.

AU - Kovács, J.

AU - Mezö, Gy

AU - Moór, A.

AU - Niemczura, E.

AU - Sarty, G. E.

AU - Szabó, Gy M.

AU - Szabó, R.

AU - Telting, J. H.

AU - Tkachenko, A.

AU - Uytterhoeven, K.

AU - Benkö, J. M.

AU - Bryson, S. T.

AU - Maestro, V.

AU - Simon, A. E.

AU - Stello, D.

AU - Schaefer, G.

AU - Aerts, C.

AU - Ten Brummelaar, T. A.

AU - De Cat, P.

AU - McAlister, H. A.

AU - MacEroni, C.

AU - Mérand, A.

AU - Still, M.

AU - Sturmann, J.

AU - Sturmann, L.

AU - Turner, N.

AU - Tuthill, P. G.

AU - Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.

AU - Gilliland, R. L.

AU - Kjeldsen, H.

AU - Quintana, E. V.

AU - Tenenbaum, P.

AU - Twicken, J. D.

PY - 2011/4/8

Y1 - 2011/4/8

N2 - Hierarchical triple systems comprise a close binary and a more distant component. They are important for testing theories of star formation and of stellar evolution in the presence of nearby companions. We obtained 218 days of Kepler photometry of HD 181068 (magnitude of 7.1), supplemented by ground-based spectroscopy and interferometry, which show it to be a hierarchical triple with two types of mutual eclipses. The primary is a red giant that is in a 45-day orbit with a pair of red dwarfs in a close 0.9-day orbit. The red giant shows evidence for tidally induced oscillations that are driven by the orbital motion of the close pair. HD 181068 is an ideal target for studies of dynamical evolution and testing tidal friction theories in hierarchical triple systems.

AB - Hierarchical triple systems comprise a close binary and a more distant component. They are important for testing theories of star formation and of stellar evolution in the presence of nearby companions. We obtained 218 days of Kepler photometry of HD 181068 (magnitude of 7.1), supplemented by ground-based spectroscopy and interferometry, which show it to be a hierarchical triple with two types of mutual eclipses. The primary is a red giant that is in a 45-day orbit with a pair of red dwarfs in a close 0.9-day orbit. The red giant shows evidence for tidally induced oscillations that are driven by the orbital motion of the close pair. HD 181068 is an ideal target for studies of dynamical evolution and testing tidal friction theories in hierarchical triple systems.

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Derekas A, Kiss LL, Borkovits T, Huber D, Lehmann H, Southworth J et al. HD 181068: A red giant in a triply eclipsing compact hierarchical triple system. Science. 2011 Apr 8;332(6026):216-218. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201762