Health selection and the process of social stratification: The effect of childhood health on socioeconomic attainment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

160 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates whether childhood health acts as a mechanism through which socioeconomic status is transferred across generations. The study uses data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to track siblings and to estimate fixed-effects models that account for unobserved heterogeneity at the family level. The results demonstrate that disadvantaged social background is associated with poor childhood health. Subsequently, poor health in childhood has significant, direct, and large adverse effects on educational attainment and wealth accumulation. In addition, childhood health appears to have indirect effects on occupational standing, earnings, and wealth via educational attainment and adult health status. The results further show that socioeconomic health gradients are best understood as being embedded within larger processes of social stratification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-354
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of health and social behavior
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

Health
Vulnerable Populations
Social Class
Health Status
Siblings

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{2b6a89225a2c40ed8b2f06d0f175d174,
title = "Health selection and the process of social stratification: The effect of childhood health on socioeconomic attainment",
abstract = "This study investigates whether childhood health acts as a mechanism through which socioeconomic status is transferred across generations. The study uses data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to track siblings and to estimate fixed-effects models that account for unobserved heterogeneity at the family level. The results demonstrate that disadvantaged social background is associated with poor childhood health. Subsequently, poor health in childhood has significant, direct, and large adverse effects on educational attainment and wealth accumulation. In addition, childhood health appears to have indirect effects on occupational standing, earnings, and wealth via educational attainment and adult health status. The results further show that socioeconomic health gradients are best understood as being embedded within larger processes of social stratification.",
author = "Haas, {Steven Andrew}",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/002214650604700403",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "47",
pages = "339--354",
journal = "Journal of Health and Social Behavior",
issn = "0022-1465",
publisher = "American Sociological Association",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Health selection and the process of social stratification

T2 - The effect of childhood health on socioeconomic attainment

AU - Haas, Steven Andrew

PY - 2006/1/1

Y1 - 2006/1/1

N2 - This study investigates whether childhood health acts as a mechanism through which socioeconomic status is transferred across generations. The study uses data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to track siblings and to estimate fixed-effects models that account for unobserved heterogeneity at the family level. The results demonstrate that disadvantaged social background is associated with poor childhood health. Subsequently, poor health in childhood has significant, direct, and large adverse effects on educational attainment and wealth accumulation. In addition, childhood health appears to have indirect effects on occupational standing, earnings, and wealth via educational attainment and adult health status. The results further show that socioeconomic health gradients are best understood as being embedded within larger processes of social stratification.

AB - This study investigates whether childhood health acts as a mechanism through which socioeconomic status is transferred across generations. The study uses data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to track siblings and to estimate fixed-effects models that account for unobserved heterogeneity at the family level. The results demonstrate that disadvantaged social background is associated with poor childhood health. Subsequently, poor health in childhood has significant, direct, and large adverse effects on educational attainment and wealth accumulation. In addition, childhood health appears to have indirect effects on occupational standing, earnings, and wealth via educational attainment and adult health status. The results further show that socioeconomic health gradients are best understood as being embedded within larger processes of social stratification.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846123957&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846123957&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/002214650604700403

DO - 10.1177/002214650604700403

M3 - Article

C2 - 17240924

AN - SCOPUS:33846123957

VL - 47

SP - 339

EP - 354

JO - Journal of Health and Social Behavior

JF - Journal of Health and Social Behavior

SN - 0022-1465

IS - 4

ER -