Heart failure in pregnancy: What is the long-term impact of pregnancy on cardiac function? A tertiary care centre experience and systematic review

Anudeep K. Dodeja, Francesca Siegel, Katherine Dodd, Marwan Ma'ayeh, Laxmi S. Mehta, Margaret M. Fuchs, Kara M. Rood, May Ling Mah, Elisa A. Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Women with cardiomyopathy (CM) are often advised against pregnancy due to risk for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). However, the impact of CM subtype on maternal MACE is not understood, and so we sought to evaluate the influence of CM phenotype on maternal outcomes, as well as the effect on immediate and late left ventricular function. Methods We evaluated all pregnant women in our high-risk maternal cardiovascular programme (2009-2019). Composite maternal MACE included: death, inotrope use, left ventricular assist device, orthotopic heart transplant and/or escalation in transplant listing status, acute decompensated heart failure and sustained ventricular arrhythmia. Results Among 875 women followed, 32 had CM (29±7 years old, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 41%±12%): 3 ischaemic CM (ICM), 10 peripartum CM (PPCM) and 19 non-ICM (NICM). MACE events occurred in 6 (18%) women (PPCM: 2 (33%), NICM: 4 (67%)). There was no difference in LVEF at baseline, however, women with MACE had significantly lower LVEF both early (LVEF: 27±5% vs. 41±2%, p<0.05) and late post partum (LVEF: 28±5% vs. 44±2%, p<0.01). Conclusions In this contemporary cohort of women with CM, maternal MACE rates were lower than previously reported, and were less common in PPCM as compared with ICM and NICM. Heart function in women with MACE was negatively impacted immediately after delivery and in late postpartum follow-up, suggesting that pregnancy itself likely has influence on future left ventricular function in women with underlying CM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere001587
JournalOpen Heart
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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