Ventricular assist devices (VADs) have become an established therapeutic option for patients with end-stage heart failure. The appearance of heart failure in VAD patients seems unexpected. Nevertheless, this phenomenon is not rare. We report six cases of VAD patients with clinical presentation of heart failure at different times after implantation and describe the mechanisms involved. The aetiology of this heart failure, like its clinical presentation, varies and has yet to be identified.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine