Heat and mass transfer in advanced batteries

C. Y. Wang, W. B. Gu, R. Cullion, B. Thomas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of heat and mass transfer issues in advanced rechargeable batteries such as nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) and lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. These batteries are important power sources for ultra-clean, fuel-efficient vehicles and modern portable electronics. Recent demands for environmentally responsible vehicles and strong portable power have prompted fundamental studies of heat and mass transport processes in battery systems in conjunction with electrochemistry and materials science. In this paper, discussions are presented on what are the critical heat and mass transfer issues present in advanced batteries and how these issues affect the battery performance, safety, life cycle, and cost. A theoretical framework describing the transport phenomena with electrochemical reactions is provided. Selected results are presented to illustrate the importance of coupled electrochemical and thermal modeling for advanced batteries. The recent progress is also reviewed in developing and validating battery models at Penn State GATE Center for Advanced Energy Storage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD
PublisherASME
Pages325-332
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)0791816567
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
EventHeat Transfer Division - 1999 ((The ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition) - Nashville, TN, USA
Duration: Nov 14 1999Nov 19 1999

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD
Volume364-1
ISSN (Print)0272-5673

Other

OtherHeat Transfer Division - 1999 ((The ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition)
CityNashville, TN, USA
Period11/14/9911/19/99

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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  • Cite this

    Wang, C. Y., Gu, W. B., Cullion, R., & Thomas, B. (1999). Heat and mass transfer in advanced batteries. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD (pp. 325-332). (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD; Vol. 364-1). ASME.