The heat-shock response in heat-tolerant variants (SB) and non-tolerant variants (NSB) of creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.) was investigated. Both variants were derived from callus initiated from a single seed of the cultivar Penncross. SB and NSB synthesized heat-shock proteins (HSPs) of 97, 83, 70, 40, 25, and 18 kD. There were no major differences between SB and NSB in the time or temperature required to induce the heat-shock response. When the HSPs synthesized by SB and NSB were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, it was apparent that SB synthesized two to three additional members of the HSP27 family, which were smaller (25 kD) and more basic than those synthesized by NSB. Analysis of F1 progeny of NSB × SB indicated that 7 of the 20 progeny did not synthesize the additional HSP25 polypeptides. These progeny were significantly less heat tolerant than progeny that did synthesize the additional HSP25 polypeptides. The χ2 test of independence (χ2 = 22.45, P < 0.001) indicated that heat tolerance and the presence of the additional HSP25 polypeptides are linked traits.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science