This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME)-mediated sonodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (SACT) on Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis). P. gingivalis (ATCC 33277) was used in the present study. The bacterial suspension was randomly divided into five groups: Group 1 was incubated for 2 h in the dark with HMME in various concentrations (10, 20, 30 and 40 μg/mL). Then exposed to 1 MHz ultrasound frequency with 3 W/cm2 ultrasound intensity for 10 min. Group 2 was incubated with 40 μg/mL HMME and then irradiated with 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 min ultrasonic time. Group 3 received different HMME concentration (10, 20, 30 and 40 μg/mL) treatment alone with no ultrasound as the HMME control group. Group 4 received ultrasound treatment alone in different ultrasonic time (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 min) with no HMME as the ultrasound control group. Group 5 received no treatment as the no treatment control group. After the SACT, the bactericidal effect was determined by the colony forming unit assay. The intracellular content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected using the laser scanning confocal microscope based on DCFH-DA. 4.7 lg reduction in CFU, When P. gingivalis was treated with ultrasound (3 W/cm2 for 10 min) at 40 μg/mL HMME concentration (P < 0.01). The intracellular ROS in SDT group had a significant difference in comparison with the no treatment control group (P < 0.01). HMME mediated SACT can be a potential antibacterial therapy to significantly inhibit P. gingivalis growth.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases