Using a high throughput heparan sulfate (HS) isolation and characterization protocol, we have analyzed HS structure in several tissues from mice/mouse embryos deficient in HS biosynthesis enzymes (N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase (NDST)-1, NBST-2, and C5-epimerase, respectively) and in mice lacking syndecan-1. The results have given us new information regarding HS biosynthesis with implications on the role of HS in embryonic development. Our main conclusions are as follows. 1) The HS content, disaccharide composition, and the overall degree of N- and O-sulfation as well as domain organization are characteristic for each individual mouse tissue. 2) Removal of a key biosynthesis enzyme (NDST-1 or CS-epimerase) results in similar structural alterations in all of the tissues analyzed. 3) Essentially no variation in HS tissue structure is detected when individuals of the same genotype are compared. 4) NDST-2, although generally expressed, does not contribute significantly to tissue-specific HS structures. 5) No change in HS structure could be detected in syndecan-1-deficient mice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology