We tested the hypothesis that hepatic nitric oxide (NO) and glutathione (GSH) are involved in the synthesis of a putative hormone referred to as hepatic insulin-sensitizing substance HISS. Insulin action was assessed in Wistar rats using the rapid insulin sensitivity test (RIST). Blockade of hepatic NO synthesis with NGnitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 1.0 mg/kg intraportal) decreased insulin sensitivity by 45.1 ± 2.1% compared with control (from 287.3 ± 18.1 to 155.3 ± 10.1 mg glucose/ kg, P < 0.05). Insulin sensitivity was restored to 321.7 ± 44.7 mg glucose/kg after administration of an NO donor, intraportal SIN-1 (5 mg/kg), which promotes GSH nitrosation, but not after intraportal sodium nitroprusside (20 nmol·kg-1·min-1), which does not nitrosate GSH. We depleted hepatic GSH using the GSH synthesis inhibitor 1-buthionine-[S,R]-sulfoximine (BSO, 2 mmol/kg body wt ip for 20 days), which reduced insulin sensitivity by 39.1%. Insulin sensitivity after L-NAME was not significantly different between BSO- and sham-treated animals. SIN-1 did not reverse the insulin resistance induced by L-NAME in the BSO-treated group. These results support our hypothesis that NO and GSH are essential for insulin action.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||4 47-4|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)