Growth of epitaxial III-nitride (AlGaInN) films has long been confined to single crystal substrates which are crystallographically compatible with the hexagonal GaN (0001) surface. However, for lighting, display, and power electronics applications, growth on amorphous substrates such as fused quartz glass or on polycrystalline diamond is desirable. Several approaches to produce c-plane oriented, textured GaN films on glass have been previously demonstrated, but are process-intensive and limited in scalability. In this report, we demonstrate the heteroepitaxial growth of textured GaN films on fused quartz and other substrates using thin silicon film templates fabricated by aluminum-induced crystallization (AIC). The AIC-Si films have a uniform (>95%) Si (111) oriented surface, enabling well-developed GaN-on-Si epitaxial growth processes to be adapted to new substrates. GaN films grown on fused quartz using metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) have uniformly c-axis oriented grains, ≈40–50 μm in size, with random in-plane orientations similar to those of the underlying AIC-Si template layer. Threading dislocation densities of 8.5 ± 1.8 × 109 cm−2 within regions bounded by grain boundaries are comparable to GaN films grown on single crystal Si (111) substrates. Finally, highly oriented GaN growth on AIC-Si is also achieved on both oxidized Si (001) substrates and polycrystalline diamond, demonstrating the general applicability of this approach.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics