Heterogeneity in PD-L1 expression in malignant peritoneal mesothelioma with systemic or intraperitoneal chemotherapy

Michael G. White, Jefree J. Schulte, Lai Xue, Yaniv Berger, Darryl Schuitevoerder, Charles C. Vining, Hedy L. Kindler, Aliya Husain, Kiran K. Turaga, Oliver S. Eng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression has been described in patients with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM), but treatment strategies utilising immune checkpoint inhibition are yet to be defined. Here, we examine levels of PD-L1 expression in MPM patients treated with systemic and/or intraperitoneal chemotherapy using tissue from patient tumour biopsies or resections at multiple time points. We found the mean PD-L1 expression was higher in those with a germline mutation and/or those with a higher somatic mutation burden. Moreover, PD-L1 expression was lower in patients who had received prior chemotherapy as compared to the treatment-naive cohort. Twenty patients who received chemotherapy, either systemic and/or peritoneal, between PD-L1 measurements showed marked heterogeneity. Six (30%) patients demonstrated upregulation of PD-L1, while eight (40%) demonstrated downregulation. Heterogeneity in PD-L1 expression in MPM before and after cytotoxic therapies may present an additional consideration when initiating immune checkpoint inhibition in this rare and challenging disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)564-566
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume124
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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