Heterogeneous activation of persulfate by Mg doped Ni(OH)2 for efficient degradation of phenol

Fang Zhu, Siyi Zhou, Mengying Sun, Jianfeng Ma, Wei Zhang, Kunjie Li, Hao Cheng, Sridhar Komarneni

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Mg doped Ni(OH)2 was synthesized and investigated as an efficient material to activate persulfate (PS) for phenol degradation. The property of the Ni(OH)2 material was enhanced by Mg doping as the removal efficiency of phenol was increased from 74.82 % in Ni(OH)2/PS system to 89.53 % in Mg-doped Ni(OH)2/PS system within 20 min. Such a high removal efficiency revealed that doping Mg into Ni(OH)2 brings about more defects (oxygen vacancies), which facilitated the formation of more active species in the degradation process. The removal efficiencies of phenol increased with the increase of the initial pH from 3 to 11. The influences of Cl, NO3 and HCO3 on the stability of the system were also studied and the results showed that removal rates of all systems in the presence of these different inorganic anions could reached about 90 % within 20 min. Based on the electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments, 1O2, O2·-, ·OH and SO4•− were identified as the active species in Mg-doped Ni(OH)2/PS system for phenol degradation and a degradation mechanism was proposed for this system. In addition, the as-prepared material retained its activation performance even after 3 repeated cycles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number131647
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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