Heterogeneous integration of hexagonal boron nitride on bilayer quasi-free-standing epitaxial graphene and its impact on electrical transport properties

Matthew J. Hollander, Ashish Agrawal, Michael S. Bresnehan, Michael Labella, Kathleen A. Trumbull, Randal Cavalero, David W. Snyder, Suman Datta, Joshua A. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present a comprehensive study on the integration of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) with epitaxial graphene (EG) and bilayer hydrogen intercalated EG. Charged impurity scattering is the dominant scattering mechanism for as-grown and h-BN coated graphene. Use of h-BN dielectrics leads to a 2.6× improvement in Hall mobility relative to HfO2 by introducing less charged impurities and negligible additional remote surface optical scattering beyond that introduced by the substrate. Temperature dependent mobility measurement is used to link the surface morphology of the silicon carbide substrate (i.e., step-edge density) with charge carrier transport, showing that significant degradation in mobility can result from increased remote charged impurity as well as remote surface optical scattering at the SiC step-edges. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the integration of h-BN with EG and bilayer graphene presents unique challenges compared to previous works on exfoliated graphene, where the benefits of h-BN as a dielectric is highly dependent on the initial quality of the EG. To this end, modeling of the carrier mobility as a function of impurity density is used to identify the regimes where h-BN dielectrics outperform conventional dielectrics and where they fail to surpass them. Modeling indicates that h-BN can ultimately lead to a >5× increase in mobility relative to HfO2 dielectrics due to higher energy surface optical phonon (SOP) modes. The effects of hexagonal boron nitride on electrical transport properties of bilayer quasi-free-standing epitaxial graphene are investigated and compared to the high-k dielectric HfO2. Modeling is used to explain the effect of substrate step-edge density and charged impurities introduced by the dielectric overlayers on transport properties, showing that reducing step-edges and use of boron nitride can lead to >5 × increase in mobility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1062-1070
Number of pages9
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Volume210
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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