HFPK 334: An unusual supernova remnant in the small magellanic cloud

E. J. Crawford, M. D. Filipović, R. L. McEntaffer, T. Brantseg, K. Heitritter, Q. Roper, F. Haberl, D. Urošević

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Abstract

We present new Australia Telescope Compact Array radio-continuum and XMM-Newton/Chandra X-ray Observatory observations of the unusual supernova remnant (SNR) HFPK 334 in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). The remnant follows a shell-type morphology in the radio continuum and has a size of ∼20 pc at the SMC distance. The X-ray morphology is similar; however, we detect a prominent point source close to the center of the SNR exhibiting a spectrum with a best-fit power law with a photon index of Γ = 2.7 ± 0.5. This central point source is most likely a background object and cannot be directly associated with the remnant. The high temperature, nonequilibrium conditions in the diffuse region suggest that this gas has been recently shocked and points toward a younger SNR with an age of ≲ 1800 yr. With an average radio spectral index of α = -0.59 ± 0.09, we find that an equipartition magnetic field for the remnant is ∼90 μG, a value typical of younger SNRs in low-density environments. Also, we report the detection of scattered radio polarization across the remnant at 20 cm, with a peak fractional polarization level of 25% ± 5%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number99
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume148
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Crawford, E. J., Filipović, M. D., McEntaffer, R. L., Brantseg, T., Heitritter, K., Roper, Q., Haberl, F., & Urošević, D. (2014). HFPK 334: An unusual supernova remnant in the small magellanic cloud. Astronomical Journal, 148(5), [99]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/148/5/99