The possible advantage of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a graft-versus-lymphoma effect. We explored the feasibility and efficacy of allo-HSCT with reduced-intensity (RI) regimens in advanced malignant lymphoma (ML). A total of 20 patients with indolent (n = 9) or aggressive lymphoma (n = 11) received allo-HSCT with an RI regimen (RIST). The preparative regimen consisted of a combination of purine analog and alkylating agent with or without antithymocyte globulin. A total of 11 patients had chemorefractory disease, seven had chemosensitive relapsed disease and two had residual disease. All of the patients received G-CSF-mobilized blood stem cells from HLA-matched siblings. Of the 20 patients, 19 achieved engraftment with acceptable regimen-related toxicities. Seven patients developed grade II-IV acute GVHD and 15 developed chronic GVHD. Of the 15 patients with evaluable disease, 12 achieved a complete response. One died of invasive fusariosis, four subsequently died of GVHD complicated with fungal infection and one died of progressive disease. With a median follow-up of 358 days, the Kaplan-Meier estimates for 1-year overall and progression-free survival were both 70%. The high response rate with low relapse observed in this study suggests that RIST may be an effective alternative curative treatment for patients with advanced ML.
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