High efficiency induction of papillomas in vivo using recombinant cottontail rabbit papillomavirus DNA

John W. Kreider, Nancy M. Cladel, Susan D. Patrick, Patricia A. Welsh, Susan L. Diangelo, Jill M. Bower, Neil D. Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plasmids containing cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV) DNA can induce papillomas in vivo, but efficiency has been low. The aim of the present investigation was to explore some of the technical variables involved in inoculation of rabbits with recombinant CRPV DNA in attempts to improve both yield and consistency of papilloma induction. It was found that induction of epidermal hyperplasia, with either a mixture of turpentine and acetone or phorbol esters, produced a marked increase in papilloma yield. An additional powerful factor was the use of very vigorous, cutaneous scarification, sufficient to penetrate the papillary dermis and produce bleeding. When used in combination, papilloma yields were consistent and often reached 90-100% of inoculated sites. A number of other variables which did not consistently affect papilloma yield were tested. These included bleb and puncture injections, plasmid dose, vector type, occlusive dressings, lipofection reagent, carrier DNA, and different methods for plasmid DNA extraction and purification. It is concluded that the most important variables in improving papilloma yields were prior induction of epidermal hyperplasia and vigorous cutaneous scarification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-244
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

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