In this paper, we prepared lead-free (1-x)BaTiO3-xBi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3 (x=0.04, 0.08, 0.10, and 0.14) ceramics by a conventional solid-state reaction technique. Pure perovskite structures and dense microstructures were demonstrated for all the compositions. Interestingly, it was found that the sintering temperature tended to decrease with increasing the Bi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3 content. It should be stressed that a low sintering temperature of 1050 °C was utilized for the composition of x=0.14. Moreover, the dielectric permittivity-temperature curve became more flat and the relaxor degree became stronger with the augment in Bi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3 content. We also conducted a detailed study on the energy storage performance for all the compositions from 25 °C to 180 °C.We found that relatively temperature-stable energy storage performance could be obtained in the compositions with x=0.08, 0.10 and 0.14 regardless of the evolution of dielectric constant during the test temperature range. In particular, due to a higher field of 12 MV m−1, the discharge energy storage densities of x=0.14 could reach 0.81 J cm−3, 0.80 J cm−3, 0.78 J cm−3, 0.72 J cm−3, and 0.67 J cm−3 with high efficiencies of 94%, 92%, 94%, 88% and 77% at 25 °C, 50 °C, 100 °C, 150 °C, and 180 °C, respectively. All these results demonstrate the (1-x)BaTiO3-xBi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3 ceramics are quite promising for temperature-stable energy storage applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry