High frequency 1-3 composite transducers fabricated from alkoxide-derived PZT fibers

Richard Joseph Meyer, Jr., P. Lopath, S. Yoshikawa, Thomas R. Shrout

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research in obtaining higher frequency 1-3 composite transducers for ultrasonic imaging applications has prompted the need for finer scale composite structures. Fine scale fibers of lanthanum doped lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) were derived from a continuous alkoxide based sol-gel spinning process for incorporation into 1-3 type composites. Single fiber filaments, ranging from 10 to 60 μm in diameter, were fabricated. Microstructural and electrical characteristics of these fibers were determined under different pyrolysis and sintering conditions to obtain high quality dense fibers with dielectric constants up to 1100. Fibers were then incorporated into 1-3 composites using an epoxy matrix with volume fractions ranging from 10 to 40%. Resonance frequencies between 15 and 40 MHz could be obtained with thickness coupling coefficients up to 70%. Transducers were fabricated using these composites and evaluated for their pulse/echo characteristics. These transducers, without optimization, had center frequencies of 40 MHz with a bandwidth of 54% and a round-trip insertion loss of 47 dB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)915-918
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium
Volume2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium. Part 1 (of 2) - Toronto, Can
Duration: Oct 5 1997Oct 8 1997

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alkoxides
Transducers
transducers
composite materials
fibers
Fibers
Composite materials
Ultrasonic imaging
composite structures
Lanthanum
Composite structures
coupling coefficients
Insertion losses
lanthanum
insertion loss
metal spinning
Sol-gels
pyrolysis
Volume fraction
filaments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

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abstract = "Research in obtaining higher frequency 1-3 composite transducers for ultrasonic imaging applications has prompted the need for finer scale composite structures. Fine scale fibers of lanthanum doped lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) were derived from a continuous alkoxide based sol-gel spinning process for incorporation into 1-3 type composites. Single fiber filaments, ranging from 10 to 60 μm in diameter, were fabricated. Microstructural and electrical characteristics of these fibers were determined under different pyrolysis and sintering conditions to obtain high quality dense fibers with dielectric constants up to 1100. Fibers were then incorporated into 1-3 composites using an epoxy matrix with volume fractions ranging from 10 to 40{\%}. Resonance frequencies between 15 and 40 MHz could be obtained with thickness coupling coefficients up to 70{\%}. Transducers were fabricated using these composites and evaluated for their pulse/echo characteristics. These transducers, without optimization, had center frequencies of 40 MHz with a bandwidth of 54{\%} and a round-trip insertion loss of 47 dB.",
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High frequency 1-3 composite transducers fabricated from alkoxide-derived PZT fibers. / Meyer, Jr., Richard Joseph; Lopath, P.; Yoshikawa, S.; Shrout, Thomas R.

In: Proceedings of the IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, Vol. 2, 01.12.1997, p. 915-918.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - High frequency 1-3 composite transducers fabricated from alkoxide-derived PZT fibers

AU - Meyer, Jr., Richard Joseph

AU - Lopath, P.

AU - Yoshikawa, S.

AU - Shrout, Thomas R.

PY - 1997/12/1

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AB - Research in obtaining higher frequency 1-3 composite transducers for ultrasonic imaging applications has prompted the need for finer scale composite structures. Fine scale fibers of lanthanum doped lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) were derived from a continuous alkoxide based sol-gel spinning process for incorporation into 1-3 type composites. Single fiber filaments, ranging from 10 to 60 μm in diameter, were fabricated. Microstructural and electrical characteristics of these fibers were determined under different pyrolysis and sintering conditions to obtain high quality dense fibers with dielectric constants up to 1100. Fibers were then incorporated into 1-3 composites using an epoxy matrix with volume fractions ranging from 10 to 40%. Resonance frequencies between 15 and 40 MHz could be obtained with thickness coupling coefficients up to 70%. Transducers were fabricated using these composites and evaluated for their pulse/echo characteristics. These transducers, without optimization, had center frequencies of 40 MHz with a bandwidth of 54% and a round-trip insertion loss of 47 dB.

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