High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system

Shaoan Cheng, Bruce Ernest Logan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Biological processes are an environmentally friendly technology for producing hydrogen from renewable resources such as biomass. However, biological fermentation has low yield and low energy recovery for hydrogen production. To increase hydrogen production from biomass, we have recently developed a new method to produce hydrogen from organic matter based on a modified microbial fuel cell (MFC). We report here that by optimizing the reactor configurations and operation conditions the hydrogen yield increased to 3.9 mol H2/mol acetate with an average of current efficiency of 99.6%. Hydrogen production rate was 1300 L H2/d-m3-reactor volume with COD removals of 90-97%. This hydrogen production rate is ∼70 times higher than that previously reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers
StatePublished - Dec 31 2007
Event234th ACS National Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 19 2007Aug 23 2007

Publication series

NameACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
ISSN (Print)0065-7727

Other

Other234th ACS National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period8/19/078/23/07

Fingerprint

Hydrogen production
Hydrogen
Biomass
Microbial fuel cells
Biological materials
Fermentation
Acetates
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Cheng, S., & Logan, B. E. (2007). High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system. In 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
Cheng, Shaoan ; Logan, Bruce Ernest. / High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system. 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2007. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
@inproceedings{96419e262f6d4633bd8dfe03d15bcce2,
title = "High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system",
abstract = "Biological processes are an environmentally friendly technology for producing hydrogen from renewable resources such as biomass. However, biological fermentation has low yield and low energy recovery for hydrogen production. To increase hydrogen production from biomass, we have recently developed a new method to produce hydrogen from organic matter based on a modified microbial fuel cell (MFC). We report here that by optimizing the reactor configurations and operation conditions the hydrogen yield increased to 3.9 mol H2/mol acetate with an average of current efficiency of 99.6{\%}. Hydrogen production rate was 1300 L H2/d-m3-reactor volume with COD removals of 90-97{\%}. This hydrogen production rate is ∼70 times higher than that previously reported.",
author = "Shaoan Cheng and Logan, {Bruce Ernest}",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
day = "31",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "0841269556",
series = "ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts",
booktitle = "234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers",

}

Cheng, S & Logan, BE 2007, High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system. in 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 234th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, United States, 8/19/07.

High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system. / Cheng, Shaoan; Logan, Bruce Ernest.

234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2007. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system

AU - Cheng, Shaoan

AU - Logan, Bruce Ernest

PY - 2007/12/31

Y1 - 2007/12/31

N2 - Biological processes are an environmentally friendly technology for producing hydrogen from renewable resources such as biomass. However, biological fermentation has low yield and low energy recovery for hydrogen production. To increase hydrogen production from biomass, we have recently developed a new method to produce hydrogen from organic matter based on a modified microbial fuel cell (MFC). We report here that by optimizing the reactor configurations and operation conditions the hydrogen yield increased to 3.9 mol H2/mol acetate with an average of current efficiency of 99.6%. Hydrogen production rate was 1300 L H2/d-m3-reactor volume with COD removals of 90-97%. This hydrogen production rate is ∼70 times higher than that previously reported.

AB - Biological processes are an environmentally friendly technology for producing hydrogen from renewable resources such as biomass. However, biological fermentation has low yield and low energy recovery for hydrogen production. To increase hydrogen production from biomass, we have recently developed a new method to produce hydrogen from organic matter based on a modified microbial fuel cell (MFC). We report here that by optimizing the reactor configurations and operation conditions the hydrogen yield increased to 3.9 mol H2/mol acetate with an average of current efficiency of 99.6%. Hydrogen production rate was 1300 L H2/d-m3-reactor volume with COD removals of 90-97%. This hydrogen production rate is ∼70 times higher than that previously reported.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37349097073&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37349097073&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:37349097073

SN - 0841269556

SN - 9780841269552

T3 - ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts

BT - 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers

ER -

Cheng S, Logan BE. High hydrogen yield from renewable resources using an improved beamr system. In 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2007. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).