Injecting male embryonic stem cells into the blastocoel of female embryos occasionally produces female chimeras capable of transmitting the embryonic stem cell genome. In our experiments several embryonic stem cell-derived male offspring from female chimeras were observed to be infertile. Karyotypic analysis of these infertile animals revealed aneuploidy. We examined the karyotypes of an additional 14 offspring not selected for infertility (3 females and 11 males) that had received the embryonic stem cell genome from 5 transmitting female chimeras. The 3 females and 5 of the males had normal karyotypes. Six of the males exhibited nonmosaic aneuploidy, which included four XXY karyotypes, one XYY karyotype, and an X,i(Y) karyotype. The high incidence of XXY and XYY males supports previous evidence for aberrant pairing and segregation of X and Y chromosomes when they are present in oocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 11 1995|
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