Patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy are often candidates for invasive surgical therapies. In these patients, it is necessary to accurately localize seizure generators to ensure seizure freedom following intervention. While intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) is the gold standard for mapping networks for surgery, this approach requires inducing and recording seizures, which may cause patient morbidity. The goal of this study is to evaluate the utility of mapping interictal (non-seizure) iEEG networks to identify targets for surgical treatment. We analyze interictal iEEG recordings and neuroimaging from 27 focal epilepsy patients treated via surgical resection. We generate interictal functional networks by calculating pairwise correlation of iEEG signals across different frequency bands. Using image coregistration and segmentation, we identify electrodes falling within surgically resected tissue (i.e. the resection zone), and compute node-level and edge-level synchrony in relation to the resection zone. We further associate these metrics with post-surgical outcomes. Greater overlap between resected electrodes and highly synchronous electrodes is associated with favorable post-surgical outcomes. Additionally, good-outcome patients have significantly higher connectivity localized within the resection zone compared to those with poorer postoperative seizure control. This finding persists following normalization by a spatially-constrained null model. This study suggests that spatially-informed interictal network synchrony measures can distinguish between good and poor post-surgical outcomes. By capturing clinically-relevant information during interictal periods, our method may ultimately reduce the need for prolonged invasive implants and provide insights into the pathophysiology of an epileptic brain. We discuss next steps for translating these findings into a prospectively useful clinical tool.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cognitive Neuroscience