TY - JOUR

T1 - High-order multipole and binary love number universal relations

AU - Godzieba, Daniel A.

AU - Radice, David

N1 - Funding Information:
This research was funded by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Division of Nuclear Physics under Award Number(s) DE-SC0021177 and from the National Science Foundation under Grants No. PHY-2011725 and PHY-2116686. Computations for this research were performed on the Pennsylvania State University’s Institute for Computational and Data Sciences Advanced CyberInfrastructure (ICDS-ACI).
Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

PY - 2021/10

Y1 - 2021/10

N2 - Using a data set of approximately 2 million phenomenological equations of state consistent with observational constraints, we construct new equation-of-state-insensitive universal relations that exist between the multipolar tidal deformability parameters of neutron stars, Λl, for several high-order multipoles (l = 5, 6, 7, 8), and we consider finite-size effects of these high-order multipoles in waveform modeling. We also confirm the existence of a universal relation between the radius of the 1.4M⊙ NS, R1.4 and the reduced tidal parameter of the binary, ˜Λ, and the chirp mass. We extend this relation to a large number of chirp masses and to the radii of isolated NSs of different mass M, RM. We find that there is an optimal value of M for every M such that the uncertainty in the estimate of RM is minimized when using the relation. We discuss the utility and implications of these relations for the upcoming LIGO O4 run and third-generation detectors.

AB - Using a data set of approximately 2 million phenomenological equations of state consistent with observational constraints, we construct new equation-of-state-insensitive universal relations that exist between the multipolar tidal deformability parameters of neutron stars, Λl, for several high-order multipoles (l = 5, 6, 7, 8), and we consider finite-size effects of these high-order multipoles in waveform modeling. We also confirm the existence of a universal relation between the radius of the 1.4M⊙ NS, R1.4 and the reduced tidal parameter of the binary, ˜Λ, and the chirp mass. We extend this relation to a large number of chirp masses and to the radii of isolated NSs of different mass M, RM. We find that there is an optimal value of M for every M such that the uncertainty in the estimate of RM is minimized when using the relation. We discuss the utility and implications of these relations for the upcoming LIGO O4 run and third-generation detectors.

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U2 - 10.3390/universe7100368

DO - 10.3390/universe7100368

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85116635056

VL - 7

JO - Universe

JF - Universe

SN - 2218-1997

IS - 10

M1 - 368

ER -