High Power Characterization of Piezoelectric Materials

Kenji Uchino, Jiehui Zheng, Amod Joshi, Yun Han Chen, Shoko Yoshikawa, Seiji Hirose, Sadayuki Takahashi, J. W.C. De Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations


Three techniques for measuring high voltage/power piezoelectric properties, which have been developed recently, are compared: a voltage-constant piezoelectric resonance method, a current-constant piezoelectric resonance method, and a pulse drive method. The conventional resonance method with a constant voltage circuit exhibits significant distortion (or a hysteresis) in the resonance frequency spectrum under a high vibration level due to large elastic non-linearity, which limits precise determination of the electromechanical coupling parameters. To the contrary, the resonance method with a constant current circuit (i.e., constant velocity) can determine the coupling parameters more precisely from a perfectly-symmetrical resonance spectrum. The general problem in both resonance methods is heat generation in the sample during the measurement. In order to separate the temperature characteristic from the non-linearity, it is recommended that the pulse method be used in parallel, even though the accuracy is not very high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Uchino, K., Zheng, J., Joshi, A., Chen, Y. H., Yoshikawa, S., Hirose, S., Takahashi, S., & De Vries, J. W. C. (1998). High Power Characterization of Piezoelectric Materials. Journal of Electroceramics, 2(1), 33-40. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009962925948