High-pressure chemistry of hydrogen in metals: In situ study of iron hydride

J. V. Badding, R. J. Hemley, H. K. Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Optical observations and x-ray diffraction measurements of the reaction between iron and hydrogen at high pressure to form iron hydride are described. The reaction is associated with a sudden pressure-induced expansion at 3.5 gigapascals of iron samples immersed in fluid hydrogen. Synchrotron x-ray diffraction measurements carried out to 62 gigapascals demonstrate that iron hydride has a double hexagonal close-packed structure, a cell volume up to 17% larger than pure iron, and a stoichiometry close to FeH. These results greatly extend the pressure range over which the technologically important iron-hydrogen phase diagram has been characterized and have implications for problems ranging from hydrogen degradation and embrittlement of ferrous metals to the presence of hydrogen in Earth's metallic core.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-424
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume253
Issue number5018
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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