High Prevalence of Dysgraphia in Elementary Through High School Students With ADHD and Autism

Susan Mayes, Rosanna P. Breaux, Susan Calhoun, Sara S. Frye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective:Prevalence of dysgraphia by age across all grade levels was determined in students with ADHD or autism. Method: Referred children with normal intelligence and ADHD–Combined, ADHD–Inattentive, or autism (N = 1,034) were administered the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). Results: VMI and WISC Coding scores were significantly lower than IQ and the normal mean of 100 for all diagnoses. More than half (59%) had dysgraphia, and 92% had a weakness in graphomotor ability relative to other abilities. Dysgraphia prevalence did not differ between diagnostic or age groups (6-7 years, 56%; 8-10 years, 60%; and 11-16 years, 61%). Conclusion: Dysgraphia is common at all ages in children and adolescents with ADHD and autism. Accommodations and strategies for addressing this problem are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)787-796
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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Agraphia
Autistic Disorder
Intelligence
Students
Wechsler Scales
Aptitude
Age Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective:Prevalence of dysgraphia by age across all grade levels was determined in students with ADHD or autism. Method: Referred children with normal intelligence and ADHD–Combined, ADHD–Inattentive, or autism (N = 1,034) were administered the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). Results: VMI and WISC Coding scores were significantly lower than IQ and the normal mean of 100 for all diagnoses. More than half (59{\%}) had dysgraphia, and 92{\%} had a weakness in graphomotor ability relative to other abilities. Dysgraphia prevalence did not differ between diagnostic or age groups (6-7 years, 56{\%}; 8-10 years, 60{\%}; and 11-16 years, 61{\%}). Conclusion: Dysgraphia is common at all ages in children and adolescents with ADHD and autism. Accommodations and strategies for addressing this problem are discussed.",
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High Prevalence of Dysgraphia in Elementary Through High School Students With ADHD and Autism. / Mayes, Susan; Breaux, Rosanna P.; Calhoun, Susan; Frye, Sara S.

In: Journal of Attention Disorders, Vol. 23, No. 8, 01.06.2019, p. 787-796.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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