High school start times after 8:30 AM are associated with later wake times and longer time in bed among teens in a national urban cohort study

Nicole G. Nahmod, Soomi Lee, Orfeu M. Buxton, Anne Marie Chang, Lauren Hale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives High school start times are a key contributor to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations of high school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed among urban teenagers. Design Daily-diary study nested within the prospective Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Setting Twenty US cities. Participants Four hundred thirteen teenagers who completed ≥1 daily diary report on a school day. Measurements Participating teens were asked to complete daily diaries for 7 consecutive days. School-day daily diaries (3.8 ± 1.6 entries per person) were used in analyses (N = 1555 school days). High school start time, the main predictor, was categorized as 7:00-7:29 AM (15%), 7:30-7:59 AM (22%), 8:00-8:29 AM (35%), and 8:30 AM or later (28%). Multilevel modeling examined the associations of school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed. Models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, household income, caregiver's education, and school type. Results Teens with the earliest high school start times (7:00-7:29 AM) obtained 46 minutes less time in bed on average compared with teens with high school start times at 8:30 AM or later (P <.001). Teens exhibited a dose-response relationship between earlier school start times and shorter time in bed, primarily due to earlier wake times (P <.05). Start times after 8:30 AM were associated with increased time in bed, extending morning sleep by 27-57 minutes (P <.05) when compared with teens with earlier school start times. Conclusion Later school start times are associated with later wake times in our large, diverse sample. Teens starting school at 8:30 AM or later are the only group with an average time in bed permitting 8 hours of sleep, the minimum recommended by expert consensus for health and well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-450
Number of pages7
JournalSleep health
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

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Cohort Studies
Sleep
Caregivers
Consensus

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{1b17789ca0af444db3feacfe71401209,
title = "High school start times after 8:30 AM are associated with later wake times and longer time in bed among teens in a national urban cohort study",
abstract = "Objectives High school start times are a key contributor to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations of high school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed among urban teenagers. Design Daily-diary study nested within the prospective Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Setting Twenty US cities. Participants Four hundred thirteen teenagers who completed ≥1 daily diary report on a school day. Measurements Participating teens were asked to complete daily diaries for 7 consecutive days. School-day daily diaries (3.8 ± 1.6 entries per person) were used in analyses (N = 1555 school days). High school start time, the main predictor, was categorized as 7:00-7:29 AM (15{\%}), 7:30-7:59 AM (22{\%}), 8:00-8:29 AM (35{\%}), and 8:30 AM or later (28{\%}). Multilevel modeling examined the associations of school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed. Models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, household income, caregiver's education, and school type. Results Teens with the earliest high school start times (7:00-7:29 AM) obtained 46 minutes less time in bed on average compared with teens with high school start times at 8:30 AM or later (P <.001). Teens exhibited a dose-response relationship between earlier school start times and shorter time in bed, primarily due to earlier wake times (P <.05). Start times after 8:30 AM were associated with increased time in bed, extending morning sleep by 27-57 minutes (P <.05) when compared with teens with earlier school start times. Conclusion Later school start times are associated with later wake times in our large, diverse sample. Teens starting school at 8:30 AM or later are the only group with an average time in bed permitting 8 hours of sleep, the minimum recommended by expert consensus for health and well-being.",
author = "Nahmod, {Nicole G.} and Soomi Lee and Buxton, {Orfeu M.} and Chang, {Anne Marie} and Lauren Hale",
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High school start times after 8:30 AM are associated with later wake times and longer time in bed among teens in a national urban cohort study. / Nahmod, Nicole G.; Lee, Soomi; Buxton, Orfeu M.; Chang, Anne Marie; Hale, Lauren.

In: Sleep health, Vol. 3, No. 6, 12.2017, p. 444-450.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - High school start times after 8:30 AM are associated with later wake times and longer time in bed among teens in a national urban cohort study

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N2 - Objectives High school start times are a key contributor to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations of high school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed among urban teenagers. Design Daily-diary study nested within the prospective Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Setting Twenty US cities. Participants Four hundred thirteen teenagers who completed ≥1 daily diary report on a school day. Measurements Participating teens were asked to complete daily diaries for 7 consecutive days. School-day daily diaries (3.8 ± 1.6 entries per person) were used in analyses (N = 1555 school days). High school start time, the main predictor, was categorized as 7:00-7:29 AM (15%), 7:30-7:59 AM (22%), 8:00-8:29 AM (35%), and 8:30 AM or later (28%). Multilevel modeling examined the associations of school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed. Models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, household income, caregiver's education, and school type. Results Teens with the earliest high school start times (7:00-7:29 AM) obtained 46 minutes less time in bed on average compared with teens with high school start times at 8:30 AM or later (P <.001). Teens exhibited a dose-response relationship between earlier school start times and shorter time in bed, primarily due to earlier wake times (P <.05). Start times after 8:30 AM were associated with increased time in bed, extending morning sleep by 27-57 minutes (P <.05) when compared with teens with earlier school start times. Conclusion Later school start times are associated with later wake times in our large, diverse sample. Teens starting school at 8:30 AM or later are the only group with an average time in bed permitting 8 hours of sleep, the minimum recommended by expert consensus for health and well-being.

AB - Objectives High school start times are a key contributor to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations of high school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed among urban teenagers. Design Daily-diary study nested within the prospective Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Setting Twenty US cities. Participants Four hundred thirteen teenagers who completed ≥1 daily diary report on a school day. Measurements Participating teens were asked to complete daily diaries for 7 consecutive days. School-day daily diaries (3.8 ± 1.6 entries per person) were used in analyses (N = 1555 school days). High school start time, the main predictor, was categorized as 7:00-7:29 AM (15%), 7:30-7:59 AM (22%), 8:00-8:29 AM (35%), and 8:30 AM or later (28%). Multilevel modeling examined the associations of school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed. Models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, household income, caregiver's education, and school type. Results Teens with the earliest high school start times (7:00-7:29 AM) obtained 46 minutes less time in bed on average compared with teens with high school start times at 8:30 AM or later (P <.001). Teens exhibited a dose-response relationship between earlier school start times and shorter time in bed, primarily due to earlier wake times (P <.05). Start times after 8:30 AM were associated with increased time in bed, extending morning sleep by 27-57 minutes (P <.05) when compared with teens with earlier school start times. Conclusion Later school start times are associated with later wake times in our large, diverse sample. Teens starting school at 8:30 AM or later are the only group with an average time in bed permitting 8 hours of sleep, the minimum recommended by expert consensus for health and well-being.

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