HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY of the IC 443 PULSAR WIND NEBULA and ENVIRONS

Douglas A. Swartz, George Pavlov, Tracy Clarke, Gabriela Castelletti, Vyacheslav E. Zavlin, Niccoló Bucciantini, Margarita Karovska, Alexander J.Van Der Horst, Mihoko Yukita, Martin C. Weisskopf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deep Chandra ACIS observations of the region around the putative pulsar, CXOU J061705.3+222127, in the supernova remnant (SNR) IC 443 reveal an ∼5″ radius ring-like structure surrounding the pulsar and a jet-like feature oriented roughly north-south across the ring and through the pulsar's location at 06h17m5.200 + 2221′27.″52 (J2000.0 coordinates). The observations further confirm that (1) the spectrum and flux of the central object are consistent with a rotation-powered pulsar, (2) the non-thermal spectrum and morphology of the surrounding nebula are consistent with a pulsar wind, and (3) the spectrum at greater distances is consistent with thermal emission from the SNR. The cometary shape of the nebula, suggesting motion toward the southwest, appears to be subsonic: There is no evidence either spectrally or morphologically for a bow shock or contact discontinuity; the nearly circular ring is not distorted by motion through the ambient medium; and the shape near the apex of the nebula is narrow. Comparing this observation with previous observations of the same target, we set a 99% confidence upper limit to the proper motion of CXOU J061705.3+222127 to be less than 44 mas yr-1 (310 km s-1 for a distance of 1.5 kpc), with the best-fit (but not statistically significant) projected direction toward the west.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number84
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume808
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 2015

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pulsars
x ray spectroscopy
X-ray spectroscopy
spatial resolution
nebulae
high resolution
supernova remnants
shock discontinuity
discontinuity
rings
ring structures
proper motion
bows
thermal emission
confidence
apexes
radii

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Swartz, D. A., Pavlov, G., Clarke, T., Castelletti, G., Zavlin, V. E., Bucciantini, N., ... Weisskopf, M. C. (2015). HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY of the IC 443 PULSAR WIND NEBULA and ENVIRONS. Astrophysical Journal, 808(1), [84]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/808/1/84
Swartz, Douglas A. ; Pavlov, George ; Clarke, Tracy ; Castelletti, Gabriela ; Zavlin, Vyacheslav E. ; Bucciantini, Niccoló ; Karovska, Margarita ; Horst, Alexander J.Van Der ; Yukita, Mihoko ; Weisskopf, Martin C. / HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY of the IC 443 PULSAR WIND NEBULA and ENVIRONS. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 808, No. 1.
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abstract = "Deep Chandra ACIS observations of the region around the putative pulsar, CXOU J061705.3+222127, in the supernova remnant (SNR) IC 443 reveal an ∼5″ radius ring-like structure surrounding the pulsar and a jet-like feature oriented roughly north-south across the ring and through the pulsar's location at 06h17m5.200 + 2221′27.″52 (J2000.0 coordinates). The observations further confirm that (1) the spectrum and flux of the central object are consistent with a rotation-powered pulsar, (2) the non-thermal spectrum and morphology of the surrounding nebula are consistent with a pulsar wind, and (3) the spectrum at greater distances is consistent with thermal emission from the SNR. The cometary shape of the nebula, suggesting motion toward the southwest, appears to be subsonic: There is no evidence either spectrally or morphologically for a bow shock or contact discontinuity; the nearly circular ring is not distorted by motion through the ambient medium; and the shape near the apex of the nebula is narrow. Comparing this observation with previous observations of the same target, we set a 99{\%} confidence upper limit to the proper motion of CXOU J061705.3+222127 to be less than 44 mas yr-1 (310 km s-1 for a distance of 1.5 kpc), with the best-fit (but not statistically significant) projected direction toward the west.",
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Swartz, DA, Pavlov, G, Clarke, T, Castelletti, G, Zavlin, VE, Bucciantini, N, Karovska, M, Horst, AJVD, Yukita, M & Weisskopf, MC 2015, 'HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY of the IC 443 PULSAR WIND NEBULA and ENVIRONS', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 808, no. 1, 84. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/808/1/84

HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY of the IC 443 PULSAR WIND NEBULA and ENVIRONS. / Swartz, Douglas A.; Pavlov, George; Clarke, Tracy; Castelletti, Gabriela; Zavlin, Vyacheslav E.; Bucciantini, Niccoló; Karovska, Margarita; Horst, Alexander J.Van Der; Yukita, Mihoko; Weisskopf, Martin C.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 808, No. 1, 84, 20.07.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY of the IC 443 PULSAR WIND NEBULA and ENVIRONS

AU - Swartz, Douglas A.

AU - Pavlov, George

AU - Clarke, Tracy

AU - Castelletti, Gabriela

AU - Zavlin, Vyacheslav E.

AU - Bucciantini, Niccoló

AU - Karovska, Margarita

AU - Horst, Alexander J.Van Der

AU - Yukita, Mihoko

AU - Weisskopf, Martin C.

PY - 2015/7/20

Y1 - 2015/7/20

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