High-Temperature Electrochemical Corrosion of Ultra-High Strength Carbon Steel in H2S-Containing Alkaline Brines

Ruishu Feng, Justin Beck, Margaret Ziomek-Moroz, Serguei N. Lvov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-temperature corrosion of ultra-high strength low-alloy carbon steel, grade UD-165, was investigated using in situ electrochemical techniques in H2S-containing alkaline brines (5 wt% NaCl; pH 8.1, 9.8, and 10.8) at 200 °C. After 60 hours of electrochemical testing, the corrosion rate (CR) at pH 9.8 was the highest, almost twice of the lowest CR found at pH 8.1. The highest CR correlated with the highest HS(aq) ratio to the total reactive anions. The CR was accelerated at 200 °C by at least one order of magnitude compared with that at 85 °C. A modified method was used to obtain Tafel slopes from linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) plots with the limiting current effect, and the anodic and cathodic reactions were discussed based on the solution speciation, the Tafel slopes, and the corrosion products. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed two layers of corrosion products at pH 8.1 and 9.8. The sulfur distribution moved outwards from the inner layer as pH increased from 8.1 to 10.8. With the pH increase at 200 °C, the major corrosion products changed from pyrrhotite and siderite to magnetite, which was in accordance with the reactive species and the Pourbaix diagram.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-352
Number of pages12
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume241
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

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Brines
Electrochemical corrosion
Corrosion rate
High strength steel
Carbon steel
Corrosion
Ferrosoferric Oxide
Temperature
Alloy steel
Magnetite
Voltammetry
Sulfur
Anions
Negative ions
Scanning electron microscopy
Testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "High-temperature corrosion of ultra-high strength low-alloy carbon steel, grade UD-165, was investigated using in situ electrochemical techniques in H2S-containing alkaline brines (5 wt{\%} NaCl; pH 8.1, 9.8, and 10.8) at 200 °C. After 60 hours of electrochemical testing, the corrosion rate (CR) at pH 9.8 was the highest, almost twice of the lowest CR found at pH 8.1. The highest CR correlated with the highest HS−(aq) ratio to the total reactive anions. The CR was accelerated at 200 °C by at least one order of magnitude compared with that at 85 °C. A modified method was used to obtain Tafel slopes from linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) plots with the limiting current effect, and the anodic and cathodic reactions were discussed based on the solution speciation, the Tafel slopes, and the corrosion products. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed two layers of corrosion products at pH 8.1 and 9.8. The sulfur distribution moved outwards from the inner layer as pH increased from 8.1 to 10.8. With the pH increase at 200 °C, the major corrosion products changed from pyrrhotite and siderite to magnetite, which was in accordance with the reactive species and the Pourbaix diagram.",
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High-Temperature Electrochemical Corrosion of Ultra-High Strength Carbon Steel in H2S-Containing Alkaline Brines. / Feng, Ruishu; Beck, Justin; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret; Lvov, Serguei N.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 241, 01.07.2017, p. 341-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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