High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings

Chun Zhan, Jae Hun Kim, Jon Lee, Shizhuo Yin, Paul Ruffin, Claire Luo

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, we report the fabrication of higher-order-mode rejected fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in sapphire crystal fiber using infrared (IR) femtosecond laser illumination. The grating is tested in high temperature furnace up to 1600 degree Celsius. As sapphire fiber is only available as highly multimode fiber, a scheme to filter out higher order modes in favor for the fundamental mode is theoretically evaluated and experimentally demonstrated. The approach is to use an ultra thin sapphire crystal fiber (60 micron in diameter) to decrease the number of modes. The small diameter fiber also enables bending the fiber to certain radius which is carefully chosen to provide low loss for the fundamental mode LP01 and high loss for the other high-order modes. After bending, less-than-2-nm resonant peak bandwidth is achieved. The grating spectrum is improved, and higher resolution sensing measurement can be achieved. This mode filtering method is very easy to implement. Furthermore, the sapphire fiber is sealed with hi-purity alumina ceramic cement inside a flexible high temperature titanium tube, and the highly flexible titanium tube offers a robust packaging to sapphire fiber. Our high temperature sapphire grating sensor is very promising in extremely high temperature sensing application.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationPhotonic Fiber and Crystal Devices
    Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications
    Volume6698
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
    EventPhotonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications - San Diego, CA, United States
    Duration: Aug 26 2007Aug 27 2007

    Other

    OtherPhotonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Diego, CA
    Period8/26/078/27/07

    Fingerprint

    Aluminum Oxide
    Sapphire
    Fiber Grating
    sapphire
    Sensing
    Crystal
    Fiber
    gratings
    Higher Order
    Crystals
    fibers
    Fibers
    crystals
    Gratings
    Titanium
    Temperature
    Tube
    titanium
    Multimode Fiber
    tubes

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    Cite this

    Zhan, C., Kim, J. H., Lee, J., Yin, S., Ruffin, P., & Luo, C. (2007). High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings. In Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications (Vol. 6698). [66980F] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.730601
    Zhan, Chun ; Kim, Jae Hun ; Lee, Jon ; Yin, Shizhuo ; Ruffin, Paul ; Luo, Claire. / High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings. Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications. Vol. 6698 2007.
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    title = "High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings",
    abstract = "In this paper, we report the fabrication of higher-order-mode rejected fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in sapphire crystal fiber using infrared (IR) femtosecond laser illumination. The grating is tested in high temperature furnace up to 1600 degree Celsius. As sapphire fiber is only available as highly multimode fiber, a scheme to filter out higher order modes in favor for the fundamental mode is theoretically evaluated and experimentally demonstrated. The approach is to use an ultra thin sapphire crystal fiber (60 micron in diameter) to decrease the number of modes. The small diameter fiber also enables bending the fiber to certain radius which is carefully chosen to provide low loss for the fundamental mode LP01 and high loss for the other high-order modes. After bending, less-than-2-nm resonant peak bandwidth is achieved. The grating spectrum is improved, and higher resolution sensing measurement can be achieved. This mode filtering method is very easy to implement. Furthermore, the sapphire fiber is sealed with hi-purity alumina ceramic cement inside a flexible high temperature titanium tube, and the highly flexible titanium tube offers a robust packaging to sapphire fiber. Our high temperature sapphire grating sensor is very promising in extremely high temperature sensing application.",
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    Zhan, C, Kim, JH, Lee, J, Yin, S, Ruffin, P & Luo, C 2007, High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings. in Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications. vol. 6698, 66980F, Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/26/07. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.730601

    High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings. / Zhan, Chun; Kim, Jae Hun; Lee, Jon; Yin, Shizhuo; Ruffin, Paul; Luo, Claire.

    Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications. Vol. 6698 2007. 66980F.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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    AU - Ruffin, Paul

    AU - Luo, Claire

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    AB - In this paper, we report the fabrication of higher-order-mode rejected fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in sapphire crystal fiber using infrared (IR) femtosecond laser illumination. The grating is tested in high temperature furnace up to 1600 degree Celsius. As sapphire fiber is only available as highly multimode fiber, a scheme to filter out higher order modes in favor for the fundamental mode is theoretically evaluated and experimentally demonstrated. The approach is to use an ultra thin sapphire crystal fiber (60 micron in diameter) to decrease the number of modes. The small diameter fiber also enables bending the fiber to certain radius which is carefully chosen to provide low loss for the fundamental mode LP01 and high loss for the other high-order modes. After bending, less-than-2-nm resonant peak bandwidth is achieved. The grating spectrum is improved, and higher resolution sensing measurement can be achieved. This mode filtering method is very easy to implement. Furthermore, the sapphire fiber is sealed with hi-purity alumina ceramic cement inside a flexible high temperature titanium tube, and the highly flexible titanium tube offers a robust packaging to sapphire fiber. Our high temperature sapphire grating sensor is very promising in extremely high temperature sensing application.

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    Zhan C, Kim JH, Lee J, Yin S, Ruffin P, Luo C. High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings. In Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications. Vol. 6698. 2007. 66980F https://doi.org/10.1117/12.730601