High temperatures enhanced acute mortality effects of ambient particle pollution in the "Oven" city of Wuhan, China

Zhengmin Qian, Qingci He, Hung Mo Lin, Lingli Kong, Christy M. Bentley, Wenshan Liu, Dunjin Zhou

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Abstract

Background: We investigated whether the effect of air pollution on daily mortality is enhanced by high temperatures in Wuhan, China, using data from 2001 to 2004. Wuhan has been called an "oven" city because of its hot summers. Approximately 4.5 million permanent residents live in the 201-km2 core area of the city. Method: We used a generalized additive model to analyze pollution, mortality, and covariate data. The estimates of the interaction between high temperature and air pollution were obtained from the main effects and pollutant-temperature interaction models. Results: We observed effects of consistently and statistically significant interactions between particulate matter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) and temperature on daily nonaccidental (p = 0.014), cardiovascular (p = 0.007), and cardiopulmonary (p = 0.014) mortality. The PM10 effects were strongest on extremely high-temperature days (daily average temperature, 33.1°C), less strong on extremely low-temperature days (2.2°C), and weakest on normal-temperature days (18.0°C). The estimates of the mean percentage of change in daily mortality per 10-pg/m3 increase in PM10 concentrations at the average of lags 0 and 1 day during hot temperature were 2.20% (95% confidence interval), 0.74-3.68) for nonaccidental, 3.28% (1.24-5.37) for cardiovascular, 2.35% (-0.03 to 4.78) for stroke, 3.31% (-0.22 to 6.97) for cardiac, 1.15% (-3.54% to 6.07) for respiratory, and 3.02% (1.03-5.04) for cardiopulmonary mortality. Conclusions: We found synergistic effects of PM10 and high temperatures on daily nonaccidental, cardiovascular, and cardiopulmonary mortality in Wuhan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1178
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental health perspectives
Volume116
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Fingerprint

China
Temperature
Mortality
Particulate Matter
Air Pollution
Hot Temperature
Stroke
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Qian, Zhengmin ; He, Qingci ; Lin, Hung Mo ; Kong, Lingli ; Bentley, Christy M. ; Liu, Wenshan ; Zhou, Dunjin. / High temperatures enhanced acute mortality effects of ambient particle pollution in the "Oven" city of Wuhan, China. In: Environmental health perspectives. 2008 ; Vol. 116, No. 9. pp. 1172-1178.
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abstract = "Background: We investigated whether the effect of air pollution on daily mortality is enhanced by high temperatures in Wuhan, China, using data from 2001 to 2004. Wuhan has been called an {"}oven{"} city because of its hot summers. Approximately 4.5 million permanent residents live in the 201-km2 core area of the city. Method: We used a generalized additive model to analyze pollution, mortality, and covariate data. The estimates of the interaction between high temperature and air pollution were obtained from the main effects and pollutant-temperature interaction models. Results: We observed effects of consistently and statistically significant interactions between particulate matter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) and temperature on daily nonaccidental (p = 0.014), cardiovascular (p = 0.007), and cardiopulmonary (p = 0.014) mortality. The PM10 effects were strongest on extremely high-temperature days (daily average temperature, 33.1°C), less strong on extremely low-temperature days (2.2°C), and weakest on normal-temperature days (18.0°C). The estimates of the mean percentage of change in daily mortality per 10-pg/m3 increase in PM10 concentrations at the average of lags 0 and 1 day during hot temperature were 2.20{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval), 0.74-3.68) for nonaccidental, 3.28{\%} (1.24-5.37) for cardiovascular, 2.35{\%} (-0.03 to 4.78) for stroke, 3.31{\%} (-0.22 to 6.97) for cardiac, 1.15{\%} (-3.54{\%} to 6.07) for respiratory, and 3.02{\%} (1.03-5.04) for cardiopulmonary mortality. Conclusions: We found synergistic effects of PM10 and high temperatures on daily nonaccidental, cardiovascular, and cardiopulmonary mortality in Wuhan.",
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High temperatures enhanced acute mortality effects of ambient particle pollution in the "Oven" city of Wuhan, China. / Qian, Zhengmin; He, Qingci; Lin, Hung Mo; Kong, Lingli; Bentley, Christy M.; Liu, Wenshan; Zhou, Dunjin.

In: Environmental health perspectives, Vol. 116, No. 9, 01.09.2008, p. 1172-1178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - He, Qingci

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N2 - Background: We investigated whether the effect of air pollution on daily mortality is enhanced by high temperatures in Wuhan, China, using data from 2001 to 2004. Wuhan has been called an "oven" city because of its hot summers. Approximately 4.5 million permanent residents live in the 201-km2 core area of the city. Method: We used a generalized additive model to analyze pollution, mortality, and covariate data. The estimates of the interaction between high temperature and air pollution were obtained from the main effects and pollutant-temperature interaction models. Results: We observed effects of consistently and statistically significant interactions between particulate matter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) and temperature on daily nonaccidental (p = 0.014), cardiovascular (p = 0.007), and cardiopulmonary (p = 0.014) mortality. The PM10 effects were strongest on extremely high-temperature days (daily average temperature, 33.1°C), less strong on extremely low-temperature days (2.2°C), and weakest on normal-temperature days (18.0°C). The estimates of the mean percentage of change in daily mortality per 10-pg/m3 increase in PM10 concentrations at the average of lags 0 and 1 day during hot temperature were 2.20% (95% confidence interval), 0.74-3.68) for nonaccidental, 3.28% (1.24-5.37) for cardiovascular, 2.35% (-0.03 to 4.78) for stroke, 3.31% (-0.22 to 6.97) for cardiac, 1.15% (-3.54% to 6.07) for respiratory, and 3.02% (1.03-5.04) for cardiopulmonary mortality. Conclusions: We found synergistic effects of PM10 and high temperatures on daily nonaccidental, cardiovascular, and cardiopulmonary mortality in Wuhan.

AB - Background: We investigated whether the effect of air pollution on daily mortality is enhanced by high temperatures in Wuhan, China, using data from 2001 to 2004. Wuhan has been called an "oven" city because of its hot summers. Approximately 4.5 million permanent residents live in the 201-km2 core area of the city. Method: We used a generalized additive model to analyze pollution, mortality, and covariate data. The estimates of the interaction between high temperature and air pollution were obtained from the main effects and pollutant-temperature interaction models. Results: We observed effects of consistently and statistically significant interactions between particulate matter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) and temperature on daily nonaccidental (p = 0.014), cardiovascular (p = 0.007), and cardiopulmonary (p = 0.014) mortality. The PM10 effects were strongest on extremely high-temperature days (daily average temperature, 33.1°C), less strong on extremely low-temperature days (2.2°C), and weakest on normal-temperature days (18.0°C). The estimates of the mean percentage of change in daily mortality per 10-pg/m3 increase in PM10 concentrations at the average of lags 0 and 1 day during hot temperature were 2.20% (95% confidence interval), 0.74-3.68) for nonaccidental, 3.28% (1.24-5.37) for cardiovascular, 2.35% (-0.03 to 4.78) for stroke, 3.31% (-0.22 to 6.97) for cardiac, 1.15% (-3.54% to 6.07) for respiratory, and 3.02% (1.03-5.04) for cardiopulmonary mortality. Conclusions: We found synergistic effects of PM10 and high temperatures on daily nonaccidental, cardiovascular, and cardiopulmonary mortality in Wuhan.

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