Higher Levels of Masculine Gender Role Stress in Masculine than in Feminine Nations: A Thirteen-Nations Study

W. A. Arrindell, Sonja van Well, Annemarie M. Kolk, Dick P.H. Barelds, Tian P.S. Oei, Pui Yi Lau, G. Aguilar, N. Bagés, D. P.H. Barelds, R. Bentall, M. Bouvard, Kenneth Robert Bridges, A. Buchanan, V. E. Caballo, M. G. Calvo, G. Canalda, J. Castro, W. R. Crozier, M. Davis, M. EisemannR. J. Farrer, L. Feldman, W. Frindte, T. Gärling, P. Gaszner, R. Gillholm, R. Glavak, M. Gustafsson, S. B. Hansson, P. Harris, C. Hatzichristou, B. L. Hudson, S. Iwawaki, M. Johnston, J. Kállai, E. Kasielke, J. Kenardy, A. M.M. Kolk, P. Y. Lau, C. C. Leong, I. Montgomery, T. P.S. Oei, D. L. Palenzuela, D. Pennington, M. Peter, M. J. Pickersgill, L. A. Recinos, J. C. Richards, J. Richter, O. Rydén, E. Sanavio, C. Sica, M. A. Simón, M. Surman, B. Torres, S. van Well, F. Zaldívar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It was hypothesized that societies that put greater emphasis on men being rigidly committed to culturally accepted models of masculinity (nations with high Hofstede MASculinity scores) would report higher mean national levels of masculine gender role stress (MGRS) than societies that emphasize such to a clearly lesser extent (low national MAS scores). Supporting this expectation, a large country-level correlation of +.64 (p = .01) was found across 13 countries (n = 6,420) between national MAS scores and national MGRS scores. In line with previous findings, Hofstede's MAS measure was found to be conceptually distinct from Bem's measure of instrumentality. Implications for intervention and further studies are briefly pinpointed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-67
Number of pages17
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 2013

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Masculinity
gender role
masculinity
society
Gender Roles
Masculine
Masculine Gender

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Arrindell, W. A., van Well, S., Kolk, A. M., Barelds, D. P. H., Oei, T. P. S., Lau, P. Y., ... Zaldívar, F. (2013). Higher Levels of Masculine Gender Role Stress in Masculine than in Feminine Nations: A Thirteen-Nations Study. Cross-Cultural Research, 47(1), 51-67. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397112470366
Arrindell, W. A. ; van Well, Sonja ; Kolk, Annemarie M. ; Barelds, Dick P.H. ; Oei, Tian P.S. ; Lau, Pui Yi ; Aguilar, G. ; Bagés, N. ; Barelds, D. P.H. ; Bentall, R. ; Bouvard, M. ; Bridges, Kenneth Robert ; Buchanan, A. ; Caballo, V. E. ; Calvo, M. G. ; Canalda, G. ; Castro, J. ; Crozier, W. R. ; Davis, M. ; Eisemann, M. ; Farrer, R. J. ; Feldman, L. ; Frindte, W. ; Gärling, T. ; Gaszner, P. ; Gillholm, R. ; Glavak, R. ; Gustafsson, M. ; Hansson, S. B. ; Harris, P. ; Hatzichristou, C. ; Hudson, B. L. ; Iwawaki, S. ; Johnston, M. ; Kállai, J. ; Kasielke, E. ; Kenardy, J. ; Kolk, A. M.M. ; Lau, P. Y. ; Leong, C. C. ; Montgomery, I. ; Oei, T. P.S. ; Palenzuela, D. L. ; Pennington, D. ; Peter, M. ; Pickersgill, M. J. ; Recinos, L. A. ; Richards, J. C. ; Richter, J. ; Rydén, O. ; Sanavio, E. ; Sica, C. ; Simón, M. A. ; Surman, M. ; Torres, B. ; van Well, S. ; Zaldívar, F. / Higher Levels of Masculine Gender Role Stress in Masculine than in Feminine Nations : A Thirteen-Nations Study. In: Cross-Cultural Research. 2013 ; Vol. 47, No. 1. pp. 51-67.
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abstract = "It was hypothesized that societies that put greater emphasis on men being rigidly committed to culturally accepted models of masculinity (nations with high Hofstede MASculinity scores) would report higher mean national levels of masculine gender role stress (MGRS) than societies that emphasize such to a clearly lesser extent (low national MAS scores). Supporting this expectation, a large country-level correlation of +.64 (p = .01) was found across 13 countries (n = 6,420) between national MAS scores and national MGRS scores. In line with previous findings, Hofstede's MAS measure was found to be conceptually distinct from Bem's measure of instrumentality. Implications for intervention and further studies are briefly pinpointed.",
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Arrindell, WA, van Well, S, Kolk, AM, Barelds, DPH, Oei, TPS, Lau, PY, Aguilar, G, Bagés, N, Barelds, DPH, Bentall, R, Bouvard, M, Bridges, KR, Buchanan, A, Caballo, VE, Calvo, MG, Canalda, G, Castro, J, Crozier, WR, Davis, M, Eisemann, M, Farrer, RJ, Feldman, L, Frindte, W, Gärling, T, Gaszner, P, Gillholm, R, Glavak, R, Gustafsson, M, Hansson, SB, Harris, P, Hatzichristou, C, Hudson, BL, Iwawaki, S, Johnston, M, Kállai, J, Kasielke, E, Kenardy, J, Kolk, AMM, Lau, PY, Leong, CC, Montgomery, I, Oei, TPS, Palenzuela, DL, Pennington, D, Peter, M, Pickersgill, MJ, Recinos, LA, Richards, JC, Richter, J, Rydén, O, Sanavio, E, Sica, C, Simón, MA, Surman, M, Torres, B, van Well, S & Zaldívar, F 2013, 'Higher Levels of Masculine Gender Role Stress in Masculine than in Feminine Nations: A Thirteen-Nations Study', Cross-Cultural Research, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 51-67. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397112470366

Higher Levels of Masculine Gender Role Stress in Masculine than in Feminine Nations : A Thirteen-Nations Study. / Arrindell, W. A.; van Well, Sonja; Kolk, Annemarie M.; Barelds, Dick P.H.; Oei, Tian P.S.; Lau, Pui Yi; Aguilar, G.; Bagés, N.; Barelds, D. P.H.; Bentall, R.; Bouvard, M.; Bridges, Kenneth Robert; Buchanan, A.; Caballo, V. E.; Calvo, M. G.; Canalda, G.; Castro, J.; Crozier, W. R.; Davis, M.; Eisemann, M.; Farrer, R. J.; Feldman, L.; Frindte, W.; Gärling, T.; Gaszner, P.; Gillholm, R.; Glavak, R.; Gustafsson, M.; Hansson, S. B.; Harris, P.; Hatzichristou, C.; Hudson, B. L.; Iwawaki, S.; Johnston, M.; Kállai, J.; Kasielke, E.; Kenardy, J.; Kolk, A. M.M.; Lau, P. Y.; Leong, C. C.; Montgomery, I.; Oei, T. P.S.; Palenzuela, D. L.; Pennington, D.; Peter, M.; Pickersgill, M. J.; Recinos, L. A.; Richards, J. C.; Richter, J.; Rydén, O.; Sanavio, E.; Sica, C.; Simón, M. A.; Surman, M.; Torres, B.; van Well, S.; Zaldívar, F.

In: Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 47, No. 1, 13.02.2013, p. 51-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Higher Levels of Masculine Gender Role Stress in Masculine than in Feminine Nations

T2 - A Thirteen-Nations Study

AU - Arrindell, W. A.

AU - van Well, Sonja

AU - Kolk, Annemarie M.

AU - Barelds, Dick P.H.

AU - Oei, Tian P.S.

AU - Lau, Pui Yi

AU - Aguilar, G.

AU - Bagés, N.

AU - Barelds, D. P.H.

AU - Bentall, R.

AU - Bouvard, M.

AU - Bridges, Kenneth Robert

AU - Buchanan, A.

AU - Caballo, V. E.

AU - Calvo, M. G.

AU - Canalda, G.

AU - Castro, J.

AU - Crozier, W. R.

AU - Davis, M.

AU - Eisemann, M.

AU - Farrer, R. J.

AU - Feldman, L.

AU - Frindte, W.

AU - Gärling, T.

AU - Gaszner, P.

AU - Gillholm, R.

AU - Glavak, R.

AU - Gustafsson, M.

AU - Hansson, S. B.

AU - Harris, P.

AU - Hatzichristou, C.

AU - Hudson, B. L.

AU - Iwawaki, S.

AU - Johnston, M.

AU - Kállai, J.

AU - Kasielke, E.

AU - Kenardy, J.

AU - Kolk, A. M.M.

AU - Lau, P. Y.

AU - Leong, C. C.

AU - Montgomery, I.

AU - Oei, T. P.S.

AU - Palenzuela, D. L.

AU - Pennington, D.

AU - Peter, M.

AU - Pickersgill, M. J.

AU - Recinos, L. A.

AU - Richards, J. C.

AU - Richter, J.

AU - Rydén, O.

AU - Sanavio, E.

AU - Sica, C.

AU - Simón, M. A.

AU - Surman, M.

AU - Torres, B.

AU - van Well, S.

AU - Zaldívar, F.

PY - 2013/2/13

Y1 - 2013/2/13

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AB - It was hypothesized that societies that put greater emphasis on men being rigidly committed to culturally accepted models of masculinity (nations with high Hofstede MASculinity scores) would report higher mean national levels of masculine gender role stress (MGRS) than societies that emphasize such to a clearly lesser extent (low national MAS scores). Supporting this expectation, a large country-level correlation of +.64 (p = .01) was found across 13 countries (n = 6,420) between national MAS scores and national MGRS scores. In line with previous findings, Hofstede's MAS measure was found to be conceptually distinct from Bem's measure of instrumentality. Implications for intervention and further studies are briefly pinpointed.

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