Highly charged swelling micas of different charge densities: Synthesis, characterization, and selectivity for Sr and Ba

Young Dong Noh, Sridhar Komarneni, Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie, Hee Myong Ro, Man Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly charged swelling sodium micas (Na-2-, Na-3-, and Na-4-micas) with different layer charge densities were synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and solid-state 29Si and 27Al magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MASNMR) spectroscopy. Their ion exchange properties were examined for Sr2+ and Ba2+ ions using isotherms and Kielland plots. XRD patterns after 2Na+ → Sr2+ or Ba2+ exchange were investigated to check for change in 'd' values of 0 0 1 reflections of Na-micas. The 'd' values of 0 0 1 reflections were shifted from two-layer hydrate to one-layer hydrate depending on layer charge density and the extent of ion exchange by divalent cations. A comparison of shifting in 'd' values of 0 0 1 reflections indicates that there are two different hydration states of Sr2+ and Ba2+ in the interlayer space of Na-micas. Na-2-mica showed the highest selectivity for Sr2+ and Ba2+ among Na-micas because of easier expansibility of its interlayers and thus accessibility to exchanging sites. Therefore, Na-2-mica is a good candidate for decontamination of Sr2+ and Ba2+ from drinking water and contaminated soils or nuclear waste solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-245
Number of pages8
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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