Highly conductive aromatic ionomers with perfluorosulfonic acid side chains for elevated temperature fuel cells

Kui Xu, Hyukkeun Oh, Michael Anthony Hickner, Qing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A versatile and facile synthetic approach to a new class of ionomers with rigid aromatic backbone and pendant perfluorinated sulfonic acid groups is described. Characterization of the prepared polymers has been carefully carried out by 1H and 19F NMR, elemental analysis, intrinsic viscosity, TGA and DSC. It is shown that the perfluorosulfonic acids greatly enhance the proton conductivity of ionomers under high temperature and low humidity conditions. The aromatic ionomers exhibit comparable proton conductivity to Nafion over a wide humidity range at elevated temperatures, while maintaining other outstanding properties of aromatic polymers, e.g. low gas permeability, excellent thermal and chemical stability and good mechanical properties. It is also demonstrated that the maximum power density and current density of the aromatic ionomers are 30% and 43% higher, respectively, than those of Nafion in initial fuel cell tests at 120 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4605-4609
Number of pages5
JournalMacromolecules
Volume44
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 28 2011

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Ionomers
Fuel cells
Proton conductivity
Acids
Atmospheric humidity
Aromatic polymers
Temperature
Gas permeability
Sulfonic Acids
Chemical stability
Polymers
Thermodynamic stability
Current density
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Viscosity
Mechanical properties
perfluorosulfonic acid
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "A versatile and facile synthetic approach to a new class of ionomers with rigid aromatic backbone and pendant perfluorinated sulfonic acid groups is described. Characterization of the prepared polymers has been carefully carried out by 1H and 19F NMR, elemental analysis, intrinsic viscosity, TGA and DSC. It is shown that the perfluorosulfonic acids greatly enhance the proton conductivity of ionomers under high temperature and low humidity conditions. The aromatic ionomers exhibit comparable proton conductivity to Nafion over a wide humidity range at elevated temperatures, while maintaining other outstanding properties of aromatic polymers, e.g. low gas permeability, excellent thermal and chemical stability and good mechanical properties. It is also demonstrated that the maximum power density and current density of the aromatic ionomers are 30{\%} and 43{\%} higher, respectively, than those of Nafion in initial fuel cell tests at 120 °C.",
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Highly conductive aromatic ionomers with perfluorosulfonic acid side chains for elevated temperature fuel cells. / Xu, Kui; Oh, Hyukkeun; Hickner, Michael Anthony; Wang, Qing.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 44, No. 12, 28.06.2011, p. 4605-4609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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