We report the synthesis of klockmannite (CuSe) via a three-probe electrochemical set-up (chronoampereometry). The structural properties are examined by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) analysis revealed the formation of vertically aligned CuSe nanosheets with an average thickness of 34 nm and an average lateral size of 700 nm. The CuSe nanosheets exhibit impressive field electron emission characteristics with a turn-on field of 1.4 V/µm for 10 µA/cm2 emission current density. Also, a high current density of 5.8 mA/cm2 is observed at a relatively low applied field of 3.1 V/µm. Complementary first-principles DFT calculations show that CuSe displays metallic conductivity, and the (001) surface has a low work function of 5.12 eV, which is believed to be responsible for the impressive field emission characteristics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry