The copolymers of vinylidene fluoride and perfluoro(4-methyl-3,6-dioxane-7- ene) sulfonyl fluoride containing amino end-groups were synthesized for the first time. The prepared amino-terminated polymers underwent cross-linking reactions with 1,3,5-benzene triisocyanate to form proton conductive networks. The prepared membranes exhibited excellent thermal, hydrolytic and oxidative stabilities. The ion exchange capacity, water uptake, the state of absorbed water, and transport properties of the membranes were found to be highly dependent upon the chemical composition of the copolymers. The cross-linked membranes showed extremely low methanol permeability, while maintaining high proton conductivity at the same order of magnitude as Nafion. This unique transport feature gave rise to exceedingly higher electrochemical selectivity in relation to Nafion. The selectivity characteristics have been rationalized based on the formation of restrained ionic domains and the state of the absorbed water within the membranes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Chemistry