Highly sensitive, fast and reversible NO2 sensors at room-temperature utilizing nonplasmonic electrons of ZnO/Pd hybrids

Jing Wang, Chenyu Hu, Yi Xia, Sridhar Komarneni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Herein, we present a high-performance NO2 sensor operating at room temperature based on ZnO nanorods functionalized by nonplasmonic Pd nanoparticles. Optoelectronic measurements revealed that the ZnO/Pd hybrids exhibited high photocurrent with ultrafast rise/decay rates under visible light with optimal wavelength (λ = 475 nm), which was related to the photoexcited nonplasmonic electron injection from Pd nanoparticles to ZnO nanorods. Characterization of the visible-light-activated gas sensing performance is pursued at ppb-level of NO2 resulting in high responses, fast response/recovery rate, low detection limit as well as full reversibility. The enhanced optoelectronic NO2 sensing performance of the ZnO/Pd hybrid was attributed to the photoexcited nonplasmonic electrons. Here, we designed and demonstrated a high-performance NO2 sensing material utilizing the photoexcited nonplasmonic electrons from transition metal nanoparticles. This concept can also be extended to other metal oxide/transition metal nanoparticle heterostructures for optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8462-8468
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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