The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of increasing digestible His (dHis) levels with a rumen-protected (RP) His product on milk production, milk composition, and plasma AA concentrations in lactating dairy cows fed a metabolizable protein (MP)-deficient diet, according to the National Research Council dairy model from 2001. The companion paper presents results on the effect of increasing dHis dose with a MP-adequate basal diet. Twenty Holstein cows, of which 8 were rumen-cannulated, were used in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design experiment with four 28-d periods. Treatments were a control diet supplying 1.8% dHis of MP or 37 g/d (dHis1.8) and the control diet supplemented RP-His to provide 2.2, 2.6, or 3.0%, dHis of MP, or 53, 63, and 74 g/d (dHis2.2, dHis2.6, and dHis3.0, respectively). Histidine dose did not affect dry matter intake, but milk yield increased quadratically and energy-corrected milk yield increased linearly with increasing dHis dose. Histidine dose had a quadratic effect on milk fat concentration but did not affect milk fat yield. Lactose concentration decreased linearly, whereas lactose yield increased linearly with increasing dHis dose. There was a tendency for a linear increase in milk true protein concentration, and milk true protein yield increased linearly with dHis dose. Further, plasma His concentration increased linearly with increasing dHis dose and calculated apparent efficiency of His utilization decreased quadratically with increasing dHis supply. Histidine had minor or no effects on rumen fermentation. In the conditions of this experiment, RP-His supplementation of an MP-deficient corn silage-based diet increased milk yield linearly up to a dHis supply of 63 g/d (or 2.6% dHis of MP) and increased feed efficiency, energy-corrected milk yield and milk true protein yield linearly up to a dHis supply of 74 g/d (or 3.0% dHis of MP) in lactating dairy cows.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology