Histidine dose-response effects on lactational performance and plasma amino acid concentrations in lactating dairy cows: 1. Metabolizable protein-adequate diet

S. E. Räisänen, C. F.A. Lage, J. Oh, A. Melgar, K. Nedelkov, X. Chen, M. Miura, A. N. Hristov

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The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of increasing digestible His (dHis) doses on milk production, milk composition, and plasma AA concentrations in lactating dairy cows fed diets that meet or exceed their energy and metabolizable protein (MP) requirements. In a companion paper (Räisänen et al., 2021) results are presented on the effect of increasing dHis dose with an MP-deficient basal diet. In this experiment, 16 Holstein cows (72 ± 15 d in milk) were used in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design experiment with four 28-d periods. Treatments were as follows: (1) control, total mixed ration (TMR) with 1.8% dHis of MP (TMR1; dHis1.8); (2) a different TMR with 2.2% dHis (TMR2; dHis2.2); (3) TMR2 supplemented with rumen-protected His (RP-His) to supply 2.6% dHis (dHis2.6); and (4) TMR2 supplemented with RP-His to supply 3.0% dHis of MP (dHis3.0). Estimated dHis intakes calculated at the end of the experiment were 46, 58, 69, and 79 g/d for dHis1.8, dHis2.2, dHis2.6, and dHis3.0, respectively. Contrasts were used to compare TMR1 with TMR2 and to test the linear and quadratic effects of RP-His inclusion rate on TMR2. We detected no effects of TMR or dHis dose on dry matter intake or milk yield, whereas energy-corrected milk (ECM) yield was quadratically increased, being greatest for cows on treatment dHis2.6. Milk true protein and lactose concentrations and milk true protein yield were not affected by TMR or dHis dose. Milk fat concentration and yield increased quadratically, and lactose yield tended to increase quadratically with increasing dHis dose. Calculated apparent efficiency of His utilization decreased quadratically with increasing dHis supply. Further, plasma concentration of His was greater for cows on TMR2 compared with TMR1. When an MP-adequate diet was fed to dairy cows, milk true protein concentration and yield were not affected by dHis supply, but milk fat and ECM yields of dairy cows were optimized at dHis supply of 69 g/d or 2.65% of MP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9902-9916
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of dairy science
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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