Histone arginine methylations: Their roles in chromatin dynamics and transcriptional regulation

Michael Litt, Yi Qiu, Suming Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

PRMTs (protein arginine N-methyltransferases) specifically modify the arginine residues of key cellular and nuclear proteins as well as histone substrates. Like lysine methylation, transcriptional repression or activation is dependent upon the site and type of arginine methylation on histone tails. Recent discoveries imply that histone arginine methylation is an important modulator of dynamic chromatin regulation and transcriptional controls. However, under the shadow of lysine methylation, the roles of histone arginine methylation have been under-explored. The present review focuses on the roles of histone arginine methylation in the regulation of gene expression, and the interplays between histone arginine methylation, histone acetylation, lysine methylation and chromatin remodelling factors. In addition, we discuss the dynamic regulation of arginine methylation by arginine demethylases, and how dysregulation of PRMTs and their activities are linked to human diseases such as cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-141
Number of pages11
JournalBioscience Reports
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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