The mature 3' ends of histone mRNAs are formed by endonucleolytic cleavage of longer precursor transcripts. This process occurs in the nucleus and can be regarded as the equivalent of the polyadenylation reaction involved in 3′-end-generation of all other mRNAs. A sea urchin H3 gene that failed to be properly processed in the Xenopus oocyte system proved particularly useful, because it allowed the identification of a processing component from sea urchins by a complementation assay. Nuclear extracts prepared from cells under various growth conditions have helped to reveal proliferation-dependent changes in the efficiency of histone RNA 3′ processing. RNA substrates for in vitro processing are best prepared by runoff transcription of specific DNA templates with bacterial or phage RNA polymerases. For this purpose, a restriction fragment containing the 3′-terminal region of a histone gene and including the conserved palindrome and spacer motifs is cloned into a polylinker sequence downstream of a strong promoter.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology